Nordamerika — USA — Unified Combatant Command/Vereinigtes Kampfkommando

US Euro­pean Com­mand (EUCOM)

Head­quar­ter:
Patch Bar­racks, Stuttgart, Ger­many

EUCOM and U.S. Africa Com­mand (AFRICOM) are the only region­al com­bat­ant com­mands with a head­quar­ters for­ward deployed out­side the Unit­ed States.

Force lev­els: 90,700 plus 14,000 Mediter­ranean 6th Fleet

  • Army: 57,200 (53.300 of them in Ger­many)
  • Air Force: 24,300 (15.900 of them in Ger­many)
  • Navy: 8,900 (330 of them in Ger­many)
  • Marines: 330 (260 of them in Ger­many)

Area of Respon­si­bil­i­ty
With the estab­lish­ment of the US Cen­tral Com­mand (USCENTCOM) in 1983 the Arrea of Respon­si­bil­i­ty became Europe (includ­ing the Unit­ed King­dom and Ire­land), the Mediter­ranean Sea (includ­ing the islands), and the Mediter­ranean lit­toral (exclud­ing Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, Soma­lia and Dji­bouti).

The U.S. Euro­pean Com­mand is gen­er­al­ly regard­ed as a logis­tics, plan­ning and admin­is­tra­tive head­quar­ters. Their mis­sion is not only to main­tain ready forces to con­duct uni­lat­er­al oper­a­tions but also to work in con­cert with allied and coali­tion part­ners, as can be seen since 1990

  • in the Mid­dle East:

    • Desert Storm

    • Oper­a­tion North­ern Watch

  • the Balka­ns:

    • Oper­a­tions Forge

    • Guardian

    • Amber Fox

  • and the Glob­al War on Ter­ror­ism:

    • Oper­a­tion Endur­ing Free­dom

USEUCOM con­tin­ues to enhance transat­lantic secu­ri­ty through sup­port to NATO. Of equal impor­tance, the com­mand also con­tin­ues to pro­mote region­al sta­bil­i­ty and advances US inter­ests in Europe, the Mid­dle East, and the Cau­ca­sus region, large­ly imple­ment­ed through numer­ous the­ater engage­ment ini­tia­tives such as Part­ner­ship for Peace pro­grams, mil­i­tary-to-mil­i­tary con­tact pro­grams, and peace­keep­ing and peace enforc­ing and train­ing oper­a­tions.

His­to­ry
The Head­quar­ters, U.S. Euro­pean Com­mand was “tem­porar­i­ly opened” at the I.G. Far­ben Hochhaus (renamed the C. W. Abrams Build­ing) in Frank­furt in 1952, where it remained for two years until per­ma­nent facil­i­ties were avail­able. In 1954, HQ USEUCOM relo­cat­ed to Camp-de-Loges on the out­skirts of Paris to be near SHAPE head­quar­ters and remained there until the with­draw­al of the NATO and U.S. Forces from France, at the 1966 request of Pres­i­dent Charles De Gaulle. The search for new quar­ters result­ed in HQ Sev­enth U.S. Army mov­ing from Patch Bar­racks in Stuttgart-Vai­hin­gen, Ger­many, and relo­cat­ing with HQ USAREUR in Hei­del­berg. HQ USEUCOM moved to Patch Bar­racks 15 March 1967.

Quelle/Source:
Unit­ed States Euro­pean Com­mand