US European Command (EUCOM)
Patch Barracks, Stuttgart, Germany
EUCOM and U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) are the only regional combatant commands with a headquarters forward deployed outside the United States.
Force levels: 90,700 plus 14,000 Mediterranean 6th Fleet
- Army: 57,200 (53.300 of them in Germany)
- Air Force: 24,300 (15.900 of them in Germany)
- Navy: 8,900 (330 of them in Germany)
- Marines: 330 (260 of them in Germany)
Area of Responsibility
With the establishment of the US Central Command (USCENTCOM) in 1983 the Arrea of Responsibility became Europe (including the United Kingdom and Ireland), the Mediterranean Sea (including the islands), and the Mediterranean littoral (excluding Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti).
The U.S. European Command is generally regarded as a logistics, planning and administrative headquarters. Their mission is not only to maintain ready forces to conduct unilateral operations but also to work in concert with allied and coalition partners, as can be seen since 1990
in the Middle East:
Operation Northern Watch
and the Global War on Terrorism:
Operation Enduring Freedom
USEUCOM continues to enhance transatlantic security through support to NATO. Of equal importance, the command also continues to promote regional stability and advances US interests in Europe, the Middle East, and the Caucasus region, largely implemented through numerous theater engagement initiatives such as Partnership for Peace programs, military-to-military contact programs, and peacekeeping and peace enforcing and training operations.
The Headquarters, U.S. European Command was “temporarily opened” at the I.G. Farben Hochhaus (renamed the C. W. Abrams Building) in Frankfurt in 1952, where it remained for two years until permanent facilities were available. In 1954, HQ USEUCOM relocated to Camp-de-Loges on the outskirts of Paris to be near SHAPE headquarters and remained there until the withdrawal of the NATO and U.S. Forces from France, at the 1966 request of President Charles De Gaulle. The search for new quarters resulted in HQ Seventh U.S. Army moving from Patch Barracks in Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany, and relocating with HQ USAREUR in Heidelberg. HQ USEUCOM moved to Patch Barracks 15 March 1967.
United States European Command