Nordamerika — USA — Unified Combatant Command/Vereinigtes Kampfkommando

US Cen­tral Com­mand (CENTCOM)

Head­quar­ter:
MacDill Air Force Base, Tam­pa (Flori­da), USA

Mis­sion
US Cen­tral Com­mand, work­ing with nation­al and inter­na­tion­al part­ners, pro­motes devel­op­ment and coop­er­a­tion among nations, responds to crises, and deters or defeats state and transna­tion­al aggres­sion in order to estab­lish region­al secu­ri­ty and sta­bil­i­ty.

His­to­ry
Unit­ed States Cen­tral Com­mand (USCENTCOM) was estab­lished Jan­u­ary 1, 1983. As its name implies, USCENTCOM cov­ers the “cen­tral” area of the globe locat­ed between the Euro­pean and Pacif­ic Com­mands. When the hostage cri­sis in Iran and the Sovi­et inva­sion of Afghanistan under­lined the need to strength­en U.S. inter­ests in the region, Pres­i­dent Jim­my Carter estab­lished the Rapid Deploy­ment Joint Task Force (RDJTF) in March 1980. To pro­vide a stronger, more last­ing solu­tion in the region, Pres­i­dent Ronald Rea­gan took steps to trans­form the RDJTF into a per­ma­nent uni­fied com­mand (USCENTCOM) over a two-year peri­od.

USCENTCOM - Länder - Countries
Area of Respon­si­bil­i­ty
Image source: USCENTCOM
 
List of nations with­in the area of respon­si­bil­i­ty of the USCENTCOM
Afghanistan Iraq Oman Syr­ia
Bahrain Jor­dan Pak­istan Tajik­istan
Dji­bouti Kasach­stan Qatar Turk­menistan
Egypt Kenya Sau­di Ara­bia U.A.E.
Eritrea Kuwait Sey­chelles Uzbek­istan
Ethiopia Kyr­gyzs­tan Soma­lia Yemen
Iran Lebanon Sudan  

Addi­tion­al infor­ma­tion
On Sep­tem­ber 11, 2001 cit­i­zen from more than 80 coun­tries died dur­ing the ter­ror attacks in USA. A day lat­er on Sep­tem­ber 12, 2001 the Unit­ed States began build­ing the coali­tion, and there are cur­rent­ly 70 nations sup­port­ing the glob­al war on ter­ror­ism. To date, 21 nations have deployed more than 16,000 troops to the U.S. Cen­tral Command’s region of respon­si­bil­i­ty.

In Afghanistan alone, the US coali­tion part­ners are con­tribut­ing near­ly 8,000 troops to Oper­a­tion Endur­ing Free­dom and to the Inter­na­tion­al Secu­ri­ty Assis­tance Force in Kab­ul — mak­ing up over half of the 15,000 non-Afghan forces in Afghanistan.

Quelle/Source:
Unit­ed States Cen­tral Com­mand