Europa — Norwegen (Norway)

Struc­ture of the Armed Forces

Chief of Defense

The Chief of Defense is the country’s high­est-rank­ing mil­i­tary offi­cial, and is prin­ci­pal mil­i­tary advis­er to the gov­ern­ment and to the Min­istry of Defense on mil­i­tary mat­ters. The Chief of Defense is head of the fol­low­ing sec­tions:

The Defense Staff Nation­al Joint Head­quar­ters (FOHK)
The Defence Staff is respon­si­ble, on behalf of the Chief of Defence, for ensur­ing that deci­sions are fol­lowed up and for exer­cis­ing day-to-day employ­er respon­si­bil­i­ty for per­son­nel employed in the Armed Forces’ mil­i­tary organ­i­sa­tion. This entails ensur­ing that the plans and bud­gets adopt­ed and com­mu­ni­cat­ed by the Min­istry of Defence are imple­ment­ed. The indi­vid­ual Ser­vice Chiefs of Staff, as part of the Defence Staff, are respon­si­ble for force pro­duc­tion in their respec­tive Ser­vice branch­es. The Nation­al Joint Head­quar­ters (FOHK), togeth­er with the Region­al Head­quar­ters, con­sti­tute the oper­a­tional lead­er­ship of the Armed Forces. The Nation­al Joint Head­quar­ters plans and leads most of the exer­cis­es and oper­a­tions involv­ing the Nor­we­gian armed ser­vices. The FOHK is respon­si­ble for the con­tin­u­ous mon­i­tor­ing of the sit­u­a­tion pic­ture in Nor­we­gian sea areas and oth­er sea areas under Nor­we­gian juris­dic­tion.
Nor­we­gian Defense Logis­tics Organ­i­sa­tion The Intel­li­gence Ser­vice
NDLO’s areas of respon­si­bil­i­ty include act­ing as a cen­tre of pro­fes­sion­al exper­tise and the pro­vi­sion of engi­neer­ing, pro­cure­ment, invest­ment, sup­ply, infor­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tions tech­nol­o­gy (ICT) ser­vices, as well as the main­te­nance, repair and stor­age of materiel. NDLO is also respon­si­ble for the oper­a­tion of com­mu­ni­ca­tions- and com­put­er sys­tems with­in the Defence Estab­lish­ment. The organ­i­sa­tion more­over sup­ports the Army, Navy, Air Force and Home Guard force pro­duc­tion func­tions as well as the oper­a­tional units of the Armed Forces. The Intel­li­gence ser­vice acquires infor­ma­tion con­cern­ing mat­ters out­side Norway’s bor­ders. It also gath­ers, process­es and analy­ses that infor­ma­tion which relates to Norway’s inter­ests seen in rela­tion to for­eign states, organ­i­sa­tions and indi­vid­u­als. The pur­pose of intel­li­gence activ­i­ty is to con­tribute towards pro­vid­ing the Nor­we­gian author­i­ties with a sol­id basis for deci­sion mak­ing where secu­ri­ty, defence and for­eign pol­i­cy mat­ters are con­cerned.

Fur­ther infor­ma­tion about the branch­es

Army Air Force
  • 7.500 (nor­mal­ly approx.)

  • 9.500 (on mobil­i­sa­tion, approx.)

Oper­a­tional capa­bil­i­ties

  • A mobile tac­ti­cal land com­mand (MTLC)

  • One inde­pen­dent mech­a­nised brigade (Brig N)

  • ISTAR Bat­tal­ion rep­re­sent­ing the core in a joint oper­a­tive ISTAR unit

  • H M The King’s Guard

  • Guard Bor­der Guard

  • Nor­we­gian Army Spe­cial Forces Com­mand

(With a small num­ber of sup­port units and enablers in addi­tion)

Edu­ca­tion and train­ings cen­ters

  • The Nor­we­gian Army Train­ing and Doc­trine Com­mand (TRADOC), includ­ing
    The Mil­i­tary Acad­e­my, locat­ed at Camp Lin­derud in Oslo

  • The Offi­cer Can­di­date School/Combined Arms, Camp Rena

  • The Nor­we­gian Army Tac­ti­cal Train­ing Cen­tre (Sim­u­la­tor Train­ing Cen­tre), Camp Rena

  • 1.850 (nor­mal­ly approx.)

  • 5.500 (on mobil­i­sa­tion, approx.)

Force-pro­duc­ing units
The Air Force organ­i­sa­tion includes a total of ten air­craft squadrons

  • Bodø and Ørland (Main Air Sta­tions)

  • Gar­der­moen, Andøya, Sola, Bar­du­foss, Rygge (Air Sta­tions)

  • Sør­reisa and Mågerø (Air Defence Con­trol and Report­ing Cen­tres)

Edu­ca­tion and train­ings cen­ters

  • Basic Train­ing Estab­lish­ment, HNoMS Har­ald Haarfa­gre, Mad­la

  • Air Force Offi­cer Can­di­date School, Kje­vik

  • The Air Force Acad­e­my, Trond­heim

  • Air Force Fly­ing School, Bar­du­foss

  • Air War­fare Cen­tre (LUKS), Rygge

  • Air Oper­a­tions Inspec­torate (LOI)

Navy Home Guard
  • 3.700 (nor­mal­ly approx.)

  • 4.500 (on mobil­i­sa­tion, approx.)

Oper­a­tional capa­bil­i­ties

Com­man­der Nor­we­gian Task Group (Com­mand and Staff ele­ment) lead multi­na­tion­al mar­itime oper­a­tions in and out­side Nor­way

  • Nor­we­gian Naval Spe­cial Oper­a­tions Com­mand

  • Mine Clear­ance Com­mand

  • Coastal Ranger Com­mand

Force pro­duc­tion

The Chief of Staff, Roy­al Nor­we­gian Navy, is respon­si­ble for force pro­duc­tion for the naval part of the Armed Forces war struc­ture. The Roy­al Nor­we­gian Navy con­sists of:

The Nor­we­gian Fleet:

  • Com­man­der Nor­we­gian Fleet, with staff, based in Bergen

  • Nor­we­gian Frigate Flotil­la (Fridtjof Nansen-Class frigates)

  • Nor­we­gian Fast Attack Craft Flotil­la (SKJOLD-Class FACs)

  • Nor­we­gian Sub­ma­rine Flotil­la (Sub­marines)

  • Nor­we­gian Mine War­fare Flotil­la (Mine clear­ance ves­sels)

  • Nor­we­gian Naval Spe­cial War­fare Group (Coastal Rangers, Naval Rangers and Mine Clear­ance Divers)

  • Nor­we­gian Fleet Sup­port Group (Sup­port ves­sels)

The Coast Guard:

  • Com­man­der Nor­we­gian Coast Guard, with staff, based in Oslo

  • CG North at Sort­land

  • CG South at Haakonsvern

The Coast Guard has a total of 19 ves­sels, four of them heli­copter-equipped patrol ves­sels: three NORDKAPP Class and CGV Sval­bard which is spe­cial­ly strength­ened for oper­a­tions in ice. CGV Harstad will be phased in dur­ing 2005. In addi­tion, the Coast Guard leas­es ves­sels for inshore patrol tasks and has six LYNX heli­copters as well as a fixed num­ber of fly­ing hours by P‑3 Ori­on mar­itime patrol air­craft and char­tered obser­va­tion air­craft.

Edu­ca­tion and train­ings cen­ters

  • Chief Naval Edu­ca­tion and Train­ing, with staff, Bergen

  • Basic Train­ing Estab­lish­ment, HNoMS Har­ald Haarfa­gre, Sta­vanger

  • Roy­al Nor­we­gian Navy Offi­cer Can­di­date School, Hort­en and Bergen

  • Naval Acad­e­my, Lak­sevåg, Bergen

  • Naval Train­ing Estab­lish­ment, HNoMS Tor­den­skjold, Haakonsvern, Bergen

  • Rapid reac­tion forces: 5.000

  • Fol­low-on-forces: 20.000

  • Rein­force­ment forces: 25.000

  • In peace time: 1.200

Force pro­duc­tion
The Chief of Staff of the Nor­we­gian Home Guard is respon­si­ble for force pro­duc­tion to man the Home Guard’s war struc­ture, mak­ing use of his ter­ri­to­r­i­al dis­trict staffs, schools and com­pe­tence cen­ters for this pur­pose

Oper­a­tional capa­bil­i­ties
Land Home Guard (LHV):

  • 13 ter­ri­to­r­i­al dis­trict staff (sta­t­ic)

  • 13 deploy­able rapid reac­tion com­mands

  • 11 deploy­able rein­force­ment com­mands

  • 13 rapid reac­tion forces capa­ble of deploy­ment at short notice to sup­port the exer­cise of sov­er­eign­ty, nation­al cri­sis man­age­ment and assist the civ­il pow­er in main­tain­ing pub­lic secu­ri­ty

  • 242 rein­force­men­t/­fol­low-on areas with resources to sup­ple­ment and rein­force the rapid reac­tion units

Air Force Home Guard (LUHV):

  • 4 sta­t­ic LUHV com­mands

  • 11 LUHV areas with resources for the defence of Air Sta­tions

Naval Home Guard (SHV):

  • 4 deploy­able mobile SHV com­mands

  • 4 SHV rapid reac­tion forces capa­ble of deploy­ment at short notice to sup­port the exer­cise of sov­er­eign­ty and nation­al cri­sis man­age­ment at sea, and to assist the civ­il pow­er in main­tain­ing mar­itime aspects of pub­lic secu­ri­ty

  • 17 SHV rein­force­ment areas with resources to sup­ple­ment and rein­force the rapid reac­tion units

School and com­pe­tence cen­ters

  • The Home Guard Edu­ca­tion and Com­pe­tence Cen­tre, sit­u­at­ed at Dom­bås, pro­vides branch and weapon train­ing for the Home Guard

  • The Naval Home Guard Edu­ca­tion and Com­pe­tence Cen­tre, respon­si­ble for naval force pro­duc­tion and man­ning the SHV’s war struc­ture, is sit­u­at­ed at Håkonsvern

  • The Home Guard Edu­ca­tion Cen­tre at Værnes, and its satel­lite estab­lish­ment at Por­sanger Gar­ri­son, is respon­si­ble for ini­tial ser­vice in the Home Guard and for basic offi­cer train­ing

The Nor­we­gian Min­istry of Defence