USA — National Security Advisor Describes New Strategy

WASHINGTON — The new U.S. Nation­al Secu­ri­ty Strat­e­gy is one of renew­al and glob­al lead­er­ship that advances U.S. inter­ests by build­ing the sources of Amer­i­can strength and influ­ence and shap­ing a more peace­ful and more pros­per­ous world, Pres­i­dent Barack Obama’s nation­al secu­ri­ty advi­sor said yes­ter­day.

James L. Jones Jr. spoke about the strat­e­gy dur­ing a news con­fer­ence at the For­eign Press Cen­ter here.

“This is a time of sweep­ing change,” he said. “Two decades since the end of the Cold War, the free flow of infor­ma­tion, peo­ple and trade con­tin­ues to accel­er­ate at an unprece­dent­ed pace. Events far beyond our nation’s shores now impact our safe­ty, our secu­ri­ty and pros­per­i­ty, and that of our allies and friends alike, in ways that we could not have imag­ined just a few years ago.”

This glob­al­iza­tion of infor­ma­tion and goods promis­es great ben­e­fits, Jones said, but it also can be used against the Unit­ed States.

“This inter­con­nec­tion also comes with the per­ils of glob­al chal­lenges that do not respect bor­ders: glob­al net­works of ter­ror­ists and crim­i­nals, threats in space and cyber­space, a degrad­ing cli­mate and tech­nolo­gies with increas­ing destruc­tive pow­er,” the retired Marine Corps gen­er­al said. “In addi­tion, the inter­na­tion­al archi­tec­ture of the 20th cen­tu­ry, designed for anoth­er time, is buck­ling under the weight of these new threats. As a con­se­quence, it has been dif­fi­cult to forge the coop­er­a­tive approach­es nec­es­sary to pre­vent states from flout­ing inter­na­tion­al norms and agree­ments.”

The Unit­ed States must be strong eco­nom­i­cal­ly to be a pow­er inter­na­tion­al­ly, Jones said, and part of the strat­e­gy rec­og­nizes the impor­tance of eco­nom­ics and growth. “Amer­i­can inno­va­tion must be the foun­da­tion of Amer­i­can pow­er,” he said, “because at no time in human his­to­ry has a nation of dimin­ished eco­nom­ic vital­i­ty main­tained its mil­i­tary and polit­i­cal pri­ma­cy.”

Engag­ing with allies and friends is key to the strat­e­gy, Jones not­ed, adding that Oba­ma has stressed that no one nation can solve the prob­lems of the world.

“We will pur­sue com­pre­hen­sive engage­ment around the world,” Jones said. “We will strength­en old alliances, we will build new part­ner­ships with emerg­ing cen­ters of influ­ence in every region, and we will push for insti­tu­tions that are more capa­ble of respond­ing to the chal­lenges of our time.”

Ensur­ing inter­na­tion­al rule of law and enforc­ing rights and respon­si­bil­i­ties also are impor­tant aspects of the strat­e­gy, the nation­al secu­ri­ty advi­sor said, along with strength­en­ing and inte­grat­ing nation­al capa­bil­i­ties.

“Going for­ward, there should be no doubt the Unit­ed States of Amer­i­ca will con­tin­ue to under­write glob­al secu­ri­ty,” Jones said. “We will do so through our mil­i­tary advan­tage and we will do so through our wide-rang­ing com­mit­ments to allies, part­ners and insti­tu­tions.”

Still, Jones said, it is bet­ter, by far, for nations to pro­vide secu­ri­ty, main­tain order and enforce the rule of law inside their own bor­ders, and the Unit­ed States will con­tin­ue to aid nations to do just that.

The strat­e­gy calls for a “whole-of-gov­ern­ment” approach to secu­ri­ty strat­e­gy.

“Our diplo­ma­cy and devel­op­ment capa­bil­i­ties must be mod­ern­ized, and our civil­ian expe­di­tionary capac­i­ty strength­ened, to sup­port the full breadth of our pri­or­i­ties,” Jones said. “And our intel­li­gence and home­land-secu­ri­ty efforts must be inte­grat­ed with our nation­al-secu­ri­ty pri­or­i­ties and those of our allies, our friends and our part­ners.” The Amer­i­can mil­i­tary will con­tin­ue to under­write secu­ri­ty around the world, said he added.

The strat­e­gy has a num­ber of detailed goals, Jones said. The first is to end the war in Iraq through a respon­si­ble tran­si­tion to Iraqi gov­ern­ment. “That is on track,” he said. Over­all, he con­tin­ued, the strat­e­gy seeks to dis­rupt, dis­man­tle and defeat al-Qai­da and its extrem­ist affil­i­ates in Afghanistan, Pak­istan and else­where in the world and to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruc­tion and secure vul­ner­a­ble nuclear mate­ri­als.

The U.S. gov­ern­ment must come up with a strat­e­gy “to secure and pro­tect against the full range of threats and haz­ards to our com­mu­ni­ties and to enhance our resilience as a nation,” Jones said. The greater Mid­dle East remains a flash­point, he added, and the Unit­ed States will remain active­ly involved in find­ing the paths to peace in the region.

Jones also said the strat­e­gy also looks to pro­tect and secure cyber­space while safe­guard­ing pri­va­cy and civ­il lib­er­ties.

U.S. Depart­ment of Defense
Office of the Assis­tant Sec­re­tary of Defense (Pub­lic Affairs)