Unified Command Plan Reflects Arctic’s Importance

WASHINGTON, April 7, 2011 — Changes made to the U.S. military’s Uni­fied Com­mand Plan shift geo­graph­ic bound­aries and stress the grow­ing impor­tance of the Arc­tic, offi­cials said. Pres­i­dent Barack Oba­ma signed the doc­u­ment yes­ter­day.

The biggest change to the plan assigns U.S. North­ern Com­mand respon­si­bil­i­ty for the Arc­tic. U.S. Euro­pean Com­mand and U.S. Pacif­ic Com­mand shared respon­si­bil­i­ty with U.S. North­ern Com­mand for the region under the last change pub­lished in Decem­ber 2008. It also places respon­si­bil­i­ty for Alas­ka under North­ern Com­mand. The pre­vi­ous plan had North­ern Com­mand and U.S. Pacif­ic Com­mand shar­ing respon­si­bil­i­ty for the state and adja­cent waters.

“North­com was giv­en advo­ca­cy respon­si­bil­i­ty for Arc­tic capa­bil­i­ties pri­mar­i­ly due to hav­ing the only U.S. Arc­tic ter­ri­to­ry with­in its area of oper­a­tions,” a Pen­ta­gon spokesman said.

North­ern Com­mand also already works close­ly with Cana­da and “has a habit­u­al rela­tion­ship with the Depart­ment of Home­land Secu­ri­ty and the U.S. Coast Guard,” the spokesman con­tin­ued. “These rela­tion­ships are key to human and envi­ron­men­tal safe­ty and secu­ri­ty.”

The doc­u­ment includes lan­guage about dis­solv­ing U.S. Joint Forces Com­mand lat­er this year, and strength­en­ing the role of U.S. Strate­gic Com­mand in com­bat­ing weapons of mass destruc­tion. The plan also assigns U.S. Trans­porta­tion Com­mand the respon­si­bil­i­ty for syn­chro­niz­ing all plan­ning for the glob­al dis­tri­b­u­tion net­work -– a role the com­mand already is doing.

The Uni­fied Com­mand Plan is the respon­si­bil­i­ty of the chair­man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and is reviewed every two years. The Joint Staff coor­di­nates input from the com­bat­ant com­man­ders, the ser­vice chiefs and Defense Depart­ment lead­er­ship. The chair­man, Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, sub­mit­ted his rec­om­men­da­tions through Defense Sec­re­tary Robert M. Gates to Oba­ma.

There are oth­er geo­graph­ic relo­ca­tions. U.S. Africa Command’s mar­itime bound­ary is shift­ing to include all of Cape Verde’s exclu­sive eco­nom­ic zone. It also shift­ed the mar­itime bound­ary between U.S. Africa Com­mand and U.S. South­ern Com­mand so the South Sand­wich Islands fall under South­ern Com­mand.

Oth­er changes include U.S. Spe­cial Oper­a­tions Com­mand renam­ing psy­cho­log­i­cal oper­a­tions to mil­i­tary infor­ma­tion sup­port oper­a­tions, replac­ing the term “trans­for­ma­tion” with “devel­op and shape” and delin­eat­ing what func­tions of Joint Forces Com­mand will remain.

There are six geo­graph­ic com­bat­ant com­mands. These are: Africa Com­mand, Cen­tral Com­mand, Euro­pean Com­mand, South­ern Com­mand, Pacif­ic Com­mand, and North­ern Com­mand. The four func­tion­al com­bat­ant com­mands are Trans­porta­tion Com­mand, Strate­gic Com­mand, Spe­cial Oper­a­tions Com­mand and, for the time being, Joint Forces Com­mand.

Source:
U.S. Depart­ment of Defense
Office of the Assis­tant Sec­re­tary of Defense (Pub­lic Affairs)

More news and arti­cles can be found on Face­book and Twit­ter.

Fol­low GlobalDefence.net on Face­book and/or on Twit­ter

Team GlobDef

Team GlobDef

Seit 2001 ist GlobalDefence.net im Internet unterwegs, um mit eigenen Analysen, interessanten Kooperationen und umfassenden Informationen für einen spannenden Überblick der Weltlage zu sorgen. GlobalDefenc.net war dabei die erste deutschsprachige Internetseite, die mit dem Schwerpunkt Sicherheitspolitik außerhalb von Hochschulen oder Instituten aufgetreten ist.

Alle Beiträge ansehen von Team GlobDef →