Joint Africa-EU Strategy
The Parties continued to attach great importance to the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, which has been instrumental in putting relations between the EU and Africa on a new, equal footing. Both Parties underlined the Strategy’s importance as a political framework to strengthen cooperation between Africa and Europe on particularly peace and security issues, advancing Africa’s development agenda and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and global challenges such as the economic crisis and climate change.
The Parties welcomed progress made in the implementation of the Strategy’s first Action Plan (2008–2010). Both Parties welcomed the proposed options to improve the implementation of the Joint Strategy as agreed by the Africa-EU Ministerial Dialogue Meeting held in Luxembourg in April 2010. The Parties also underscored the importance of continuing to improve the institutional architecture supported by collective ownership, inputs and resources.
Both Parties reaffirmed their readiness to actively support the strengthened implementation of the Action Plan and called upon all other actors to accelerate efforts to achieve tangible results and added value for the benefit of our citizens.
The active participation of all stakeholders including, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Parliaments, the Private Sector and Civil Society is essential for the effective implementation of this intercontinental partnership. The Parties stress their joint commitment towards a successful Africa-EU Summit in November 2010 and the further deepening of the relationship, including through enhanced bilateral political and policy dialogue, better coordination in the UN and in other international bodies and high-level conferences, and through active support of the African regional and continental integration agenda.
Global Economic Crisis
The Parties reiterated their firm commitment to the decisions of the London and Pittsburgh G20 Meetings and in particular on the agreed financial market reforms, and the Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth. In this regard, the Parties exchanged views about the need for an intensified follow-up to the whole range of G‑20 commitments of relevance to developing countries. The Parties believed that underrepresented developing countries should have a greater voice and representation in the international financial institutions, including their mandates and governance. The Parties looked forward to continued engagement on these issues at the G20 Summit to be hosted by Canada in June 2010.
The Parties emphasised the concern that the global economic crisis is hampering the Millennium Development Goals and reaffirmed the need for delivering on development assistance commitments.
The EU and South Africa exchanged views on the outcomes of the UN Summit in Copenhagen and discussed the way forward.
The Parties welcomed the Copenhagen Accord as a step towards a fair, effective transparent and inclusive multilateral outcome. The meeting acknowledged that although the Accord is not ambitious enough, it represents political agreement on many difficult issues in the negotiations and should give direction and impetus to the negotiations leading up to a full multilateral agreement under the UNFCCC. In this regard, the meeting underlined the need to continue to work towards an ambitious, legally binding agreement building on the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol to keep global warming below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels.
The EU and South Africa welcomed the expressions of support for the Accord and the mitigation actions and commitments put forward thus far and urged countries that have not yet done so to put forward such actions or commitments as soon as possible. Both sides also welcomed the collective commitment by developed countries to provide “fast start” finance approaching about €21bn between 2010 and 2012, including the EU pledge of €7.2bn for the period 2010-12, and underlined the need to make “fast-start” finance available as soon as possible. Furthermore, both sides welcomed the commitment by developed countries to a goal of mobilizing jointly €70bn annually by 2020 to support the meaningful and transparent implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions by developing countries.
The EU took note of South Africa’s intention to cut its GHG emissions from business as usual by 34% by 2020 and 42% by 2025 and that the extent to which this action will be implemented depends on the provision of financial resources, technology transfer and capacity building support by developed countries. South Africa welcomed the EU’s commitment to unilaterally reduce GHG emissions by 20% between 1990 and 2020 and the EU’s offer to reduce emissions by 30% in the context of an ambitious international agreement.