Sustainable Development; Environment; Climate Change; Biodiversity; Energy The following main objectives in this area for ensuring environmental sustainability taking into account the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities are: i) to promote the sustainable development of all countries and to support the achievement of the MDG and the other international agreements on these issues; ii) to ensure the effective implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, recognizing the scientific views regarding the limit for the increase in the global temperature; iii) to develop policies and instruments for adaptation and mitigation, to address the adverse effects of climate change and enhance long-term cooperation initiatives and to reduce the vulnerability to natural disasters; iv) to support activities oriented to reduce intensity of greenhouse gas emissions in consumption and production activities in our countries, according to existing international commitments; v) to facilitate access to and exchange of information related to best environmental practices and technologies; vi) to ensure and support the full implementation of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity; vii) to improve energy efficiency and saving as well as accessibility; viii) to develop and to deploy renewable energies and to promote energy interconnection networks, ensuring the diversification and complementarity of the energy matrix.
a. Step up regular dialogue to develop the relevant aspects of the “Lima Agenda on Sustainable Development; Environment; Climate Change; Energy” as well as on Biodiversity; with the objective, amongst others, of fostering consensus and facilitating the proper implementation of international agreements and other decisions in these areas.
* Cooperation activities and initiatives
b. Strengthen bi-regional cooperation in the field of environment and disaster risk reduction and management, including by increasing the knowledge of the problems and consequences of climate change and biodiversity loss and the importance of climate resilient development and climate adaptation, and by promoting the integration of these issues into sustainable development strategies and in policy design.
c. Exchange of experiences and information among our countries and between our regions, with a view to facilitate the design of adaptation and mitigation strategies and policies notably among others through the EUrocLIMA programme and triangular and South-South cooperation.
d. Seek the necessary financial resources that will i) contribute to sustainable development, biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, as well as adaptation to and mitigation of climate change, ii) ensure coordination of activities aiming at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, taking into account the capacities of the different countries.
e. Promote the development of projects in the areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency.
f. Support for capacity building on safe and sustainable low carbon technologies and low emission development strategies, climate change monitoring, greenhouse gas emission reporting and verification, forest and soil management among others.
g. Work together to give due follow-up to the EU-LAC Forum on Technological Cooperation, Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency.
h. Improved knowledge on problems and consequences of climate change including vulnerability and risk assessment, biodiversity loss and environment issues in its widest meaning, and integration of these issues into sustainable development and climate adaptation strategies and other adaptation activities.
i. Strengthened capacities and emergency networks to prevent and address the effect of natural disasters.
j. Improved capacity for sustainable development, environmental and climate changerelated challenges and for the conservation and sustainable use of the biodiversity.
k. Improved use and accessibility of renewable energies, increased energy efficiency and saving as these play an important role in the diversification and complementarity of the energy matrix.