V. PARTNERSHIP TO PROMOTE SECURITY
84. The Council emphasised the importance of EU-UN co-operation and coordination in crisis management, and underlined the need for their further strengthening, particularly in operational theatres where both the EU and the UN are involved, notably Somalia, Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea Bissau and Kosovo. Continued exchange of know-how and lessons learned offers the potential for deepening this cooperation. The Council took note of the progress achieved in implementing the 2007 Joint Statement of EU-UN Cooperation in Crisis Management, including the regular meetings of the EU-UN Steering Committee, giving new impetus to coordination and cooperation in a number of geographic and thematic areas.
85. The Council emphasised the importance of enhancing the visibility of the EU positions and contributions on crisis management in all the relevant UN fora.
86. The Council welcomed the New Horizon initiative launched by the UN Secretariat and reaffirmed its commitment to contribute to the reform of UN peacekeeping.
87. The Council also expressed its support to the review process of the UN Peacebuilding Architecture.
88. The Council recalled the objective of strengthening the EU-NATO strategic partnership in crisis management, in a spirit of mutual reinforcement and respect for their decision-making autonomy. The Council welcomed the efforts by the High Representative and the NATO Secretary General to foster progress in this area. In this context, the Council stressed that the continuing support of EU Member States and NATO Allies is of great importance. It encouraged further implementation of the EU proposals for concrete measures to reinforce EU-NATO relations which were transmitted to the NATO Secretary General in February 2010, and in this context efforts to promote transparency, coherence and inclusiveness between the EU and NATO as appropriate. It particularly stressed the importance of efficient operational cooperation between the EU and NATO concerning theatres in which the two organisations are both committed and the conclusion of agreements on solid and effective arrangements between EUPOL Afghanistan and ISAF as well as EULEX Kosovo and KFOR. As demonstrated by Operation ALTHEA, Berlin plus arrangements have proven to be effective and efficient.
89. The Council underlined the need for continued cooperation with NATO regarding the development of military capabilities. In this regard, it welcomed efforts to make the best use of the EU-NATO Capability Group, within the agreed framework, where requirements overlap. It has contributed towards transparency between the two organisations in accordance with the Capability Development Mechanism (CDM). With participation of senior policymakers from the capitals, as envisaged by the CDM, the Capability Group discussed issues regarding respective efforts to draw benefit from multinational cooperation, particularly in the field of logistics. In preparation of the Capability Group meetings, all Member States discussed in detail the agenda items and were briefed accordingly after these meetings. As recognised by the Council, in order to continue improving coherence, mutually reinforcing development of military capabilities and transparency, further efforts are needed to ensure effective working methods of the Capability Group, while inclusiveness through the participation of all the EU Member States would further facilitate exchange of information in the field of military capabilities.
90. The Council welcomed the expanded meetings between the HR and the NATO Secretary General, involving the strategic operational expertise of both sides. It emphasised the value reciprocal briefings of the PSC and the NAC, as well as the EUMC and the NATO MC, on operational issues of common interest. Regular staff to staff meetings on issues of common interest are important. PSC will continue being regularly informed.
91. The Council stressed that there is a potential for increased transparency, efficiency and coherence between the distinct CSDP Capability Development and NATO Defence Planning processes, in order to better inform sovereign national decisions on planning and the delivery of improved military capabilities. It welcomed continuing work, including at staff to staff level, to establish a common Information Gathering Tool available to all Member States, and a “common language” for capability development within the EU. It noted that the overlapping capability shortfalls that emerge from the two distinct processes in the EU and NATO should be addressed in a coherent manner. In this context, the Council underlined the fundamental principles of the EU’s integrity and autonomy of decision making, of a distinct EU process and of inclusiveness and participation of all Member States.
EU-AU Cooperation — Strengthening African Capabilities
92. The Council welcomed progress in the “Peace and security” partnership between the EU and Africa and called for continued efforts in this regard. It welcomed the outcome of the Akosombo Conference in December 2009.
93. The Council welcomed the validation of the report of the AU/EU experts study as part of the first set of measures of the planned African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) roadmap, during the workshop on support to African Training centres held in Nairobi in February 2010. The Council welcomed the progress achieved in AMANI AFRICA Programme and expressed its wish that the Command Post Exercise (CPX) be held before October 2010. The Council also welcomed the progress in the work to support African mediation capabilities.
94. The Council welcomed enhancement of cooperation between the AU situation room and the EU SITCEN and the EC Joint Research Centre (JRC), including technical support for the development of the Continental Early Warning System.
95. The Council stressed the need for the continued implementation of the joint EU-Africa Strategy and its Action Plan. In this regard, the Council also recalled the importance of close cooperation with the UN, including through the triangular EU-UN-AU dialogue for the strengthening of African capabilities and work on the predictable and sustainable funding for AU-led peace support operations undertaken.
Cooperation with Third States
96. The Council stressed the importance of engaging Third States in the field of CSDP. It commended their valuable involvement in CSDP missions and operations and encouraged further contributions in the future. At present, 14 Third States (Albania, Angola, Canada, Chile, Croatia, FYROM, Iceland, Montenegro, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and the US) are contributing to 7 ongoing missions and operations.1
97. The Council welcomed the important cooperation and coordination of a wide range of Third States with EUNAVFOR ATALANTA, and the potential for the development of further contacts with Third States, by building on these positive experiences (notably with China, India, Japan and Russia as well as with the US).
98. The Council noted the value of regular consultations with non-EU European NATO members and other countries that are candidates for accession to the EU, as well as informal gatherings between the members of the PSC, the non-EU members of NATO and other countries that are candidates for accession to the EU.
99. The Council welcomed the unique cooperation that is being established in the context of EUTM Somalia, with the United States, the African Union, Uganda and the TFG of Somalia, allowing for a task sharing to prepare a complete cycle of selection, training and reintegration of members of the Somali Security Forces.
100. The Council welcomed the continued dialogue and cooperation between Euro-Mediterranean partners in the CSDP field.
101. The Council commended the excellent cooperation with Canada in support of the AMANI Africa cycle for the development of African capabilities.
102. The Council noted the High Representative’s recommendation to authorise the opening of negotiations of framework participation agreements with additional Third States. Such framework agreements would facilitate their future involvement in CSDP missions and operations. To date such agreements have been concluded with Canada, Iceland, Norway, Turkey and Ukraine. Framework participation agreements with Russia and Switzerland remain under negotiation.
1 EUPM and ALTHEA in BiH, EULEX Kosovo, EUPOL
Western European Union
103. The Council noted the announcement of the decision by the States Parties to the Modified Brussels Treaty (Statement of 31 March 2010) to terminate the Treaty. It acknowledged the important contribution of the WEU in the development of the European security and defence architecture, including the substantial role of the interparliamentary WEU Assembly in developing a European culture on security and defence.
104. The Council encouraged as appropriate the enhancement of interparliamentary dialogue on CSDP issues, including with candidates for EU accession and other interested states.
Contacts with civil society / NGOs
105. The Council recalled the importance of co-operation with NGOs and civil society as a means to improve the impact of the CSDP missions and operations and encouraged its continuation both in Brussels and in the field, including through regular contacts.