EU — Council conclusions on Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)

III. CONFLICT PREVENTION AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT CAPABILITIES AND THEMATIC ISSUES

Civil­ian Capa­bil­i­ties

41. Civil­ian capa­bil­i­ty plan­ning and devel­op­ment pro­gressed in accor­dance with the Guid­ing Lines for the sec­ond semes­ter of 2009. In the run-up to the final report for the Civil­ian Head­line Goal 2010, which is due for the sec­ond semes­ter of 2010, the Coun­cil looked for­ward to the pre­sen­ta­tion, in the first semes­ter of 2010, of the third progress report on the imple­men­ta­tion of the Guid­ing Lines.

42. The Coun­cil stressed the impor­tance of con­tin­u­ing efforts to match ambi­tion with resources. In this respect, it wel­comed the launch of the fea­si­bil­i­ty study on a pos­si­ble estab­lish­ment of a per­ma­nent ware­hous­ing solu­tion to stock equip­ment for civil­ian mis­sions. It also wel­comed the progress made with the devel­op­ment of the Goal­keep­er soft­ware envi­ron­ment to facil­i­tatein­ter alia the recruit­ment and train­ing of per­son­nel for civil­ian mis­sions, and recalled the need to finalise, imple­ment and oper­a­tionalise all Goal­keep­er appli­ca­tions with­out delay.

43. The Coun­cil not­ed the con­tin­ued need for mis­sions to be appro­pri­ate­ly staffed. It encour­aged fur­ther prac­ti­cal steps at both EU and nation­al lev­el, includ­ing the adop­tion of nation­al measures/strategies as appro­pri­ate, to ensure gen­er­a­tion of the required capa­bil­i­ties, includ­ing in view of pos­si­ble rapid deploy­ment. Train­ing at both EU and nation­al lev­el enhances the qual­i­ty as well as the quan­ti­ty of per­son­nel to be poten­tial­ly engaged in the CSDP mis­sions. The Coun­cil looked for­ward to the imple­men­ta­tion of the revised CRT Con­cept.

Coop­er­a­tion between CSDP and JHA

44. The Coun­cil under­lined the impor­tance of fur­ther strength­en­ing the coor­di­na­tion, exchange of infor­ma­tion and coop­er­a­tion between CSDP mis­sions and all the rel­e­vant JHA actors. It recalled that sev­er­al CSDP mis­sions con­tribute to EU inter­nal secu­ri­ty by sup­port­ing the fight against transna­tion­al crime and by build­ing capac­i­ties in the field of inter­na­tion­al legal coop­er­a­tion. It not­ed the JHA ini­tia­tives stress­ing the poten­tial for rein­forced syn­er­gies with CSDP in West-Africa and oth­er regions as well.

Civ­il-Mil­i­tary Capa­bil­i­ty Devel­op­ment

45. The Coun­cil wel­comed ongo­ing work as well as the pre­sen­ta­tion of the relat­ed work­plan to pro­mote syn­er­gies between the EU civil­ian and mil­i­tary capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment. It looked for­ward to the fur­ther dis­cus­sion and imple­men­ta­tion of this work­plan and under­lined the impor­tance of con­cen­trat­ing on the con­crete deliv­ery of capa­bil­i­ties lead­ing to oper­a­tional improve­ments.

46. The Coun­cil under­lined that the PSC should con­tin­ue to play a lead­ing role in this work by giv­ing guid­ance to the work relat­ed to syn­er­gies between the EU civ­il and mil­i­tary capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment and not­ed the impor­tance of the Cri­sis Man­age­ment and Plan­ning Directorate(CMPD) in the work ahead. The CMPD will con­tin­ue, with­in its area of respon­si­bil­i­ty, inter alia to fos­ter and coor­di­nate work on syn­er­gies between civil­ian and mil­i­tary capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment, includ­ing in help­ing iden­ti­fy dual needs.

47. The Coun­cil wel­comed the ongo­ing work towards inte­grat­ed mar­itime sur­veil­lance as a con­crete exam­ple of the search for civ­il-mil­i­tary syn­er­gies. In this con­text, the Coun­cil not­ed that the final report of the Wise Pen Team on mar­itime sur­veil­lance in sup­port of CSDP was pre­sent­ed to the Euro­pean Defence Agency’s Steer­ing Board and the Mil­i­tary Com­mit­tee and invites the Com­mis­sion to con­sid­er, as appro­pri­ate, its con­clu­sions in the elab­o­ra­tion of the roadmap for the imple­men­ta­tion of an Inte­grat­ed Mar­itime Sur­veil­lance in the Euro­pean Union, to be pre­sent­ed before the end of 2010.

Mil­i­tary Capa­bil­i­ties

Head­line Goal 2010

48. The Coun­cil wel­comed the work car­ried out in devel­op­ing Mem­ber States’ mil­i­tary capa­bil­i­ties and not­ed the Sin­gle Progress Report.

49. The Coun­cil wel­comed the results of the con­tin­u­ous coop­er­a­tive work of the EU Mil­i­tary Com­mit­tee (EUMC) and the Euro­pean Defence Agency (EDA) in the area of capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment, in par­tic­u­lar on the update of the Capa­bil­i­ty Devel­op­ment Plan and lessons iden­ti­fied from oper­a­tions.

50. The Coun­cil wel­comed progress made in mil­i­tary con­cepts, notably the final­i­sa­tion of the EUMC Inter­op­er­abil­i­ty Study. The Coun­cil not­ed with sat­is­fac­tion progress in the area of Coun­ter­ing Impro­vised Explo­sive Devices which is essen­tial for the secu­ri­ty of forces deployed in CSDP oper­a­tions. The Coun­cil looked for­ward to fur­ther progress in the EU’s com­pre­hen­sive approach to cri­sis man­age­ment. It not­ed that tak­ing into account both civil­ian and mil­i­tary aspects of cri­sis man­age­ment was essen­tial to progress in this area.

51. The Coun­cil wel­comed the work aimed at reach­ing full oper­a­tional capa­bil­i­ty of the EU Oper­a­tions Wide Area Net­work, which con­nects with Brus­sels all EU Oper­a­tion Head­quar­ters, two of the EU Force Head­quar­ters and the EU Satel­lite Cen­tre, as well as those Mem­ber States who so wish.

52. The Coun­cil looked for­ward to fur­ther reflec­tions on ways to fos­ter the deliv­ery of Euro­pean capa­bil­i­ties beyond the 2010 hori­zon. This should include con­sid­er­a­tions on the need to increase syn­er­gy between the civil­ian and mil­i­tary EU capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment process­es.

Rapid Response

53. The Coun­cil wel­comed the agree­ment of the con­cept for the imple­men­ta­tion of an EU Air Deploy­able Oper­at­ing Base in the field of Air Rapid Response oper­a­tions.

54. Wel­com­ing the progress made so far in the work relat­ed to increas­ing flex­i­bil­i­ty and usabil­i­ty of EU Bat­tle­groups in accor­dance with the guide­lines agreed in Novem­ber 2009, the Coun­cil recalled the need for increased coop­er­a­tion between Bat­tle­groups, and between Bat­tle­groups and the Coun­cil Gen­er­al Sec­re­tari­at, dur­ing the prepa­ra­tion phase as well as dur­ing and after the stand-by peri­od, and encour­aged all actors involved to take action to this aim.

55. The Coun­cil encour­aged Mem­ber States to make new offers for Bat­tle­groups from 2012 onwards and to fill in par­tic­u­lar the vacant slot in the first Semes­ter of 2012.

Euro­pean Defence Agency

56. The Coun­cil wel­comed the report by the Head of the Euro­pean Defence Agency. It also wel­comed the Agency’s role to strive for improved defence capa­bil­i­ties in sup­port of CSDP as set out in the new Treaty on the Euro­pean Union.

57. The Coun­cil encour­aged the Agency’s ongo­ing efforts in sup­port of CSDP capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment, under­lin­ing the par­tic­u­lar impor­tance of coop­er­a­tion between Mem­ber States in view of increas­ing bud­getary con­straints, and not­ed the progress of work on the 2011–2013 work­plan. The work on updat­ing the Capa­bil­i­ty Devel­op­ment Plan and on the launch­ing of new projects and ini­tia­tives, such as in the areas of Counter-Impro­vised Explo­sive Devices and pool­ing and shar­ing of capa­bil­i­ties, were wel­comed by the Coun­cil.

58. The Coun­cil wel­comed the work of the Wise Pen Team on Mar­itime Sur­veil­lance, notably in sup­port of CSDP, and in this regard encour­aged it to con­tin­ue to pro­vide input as fore­seen in sup­port of con­tin­u­ing work on the inte­gra­tion of Mar­itime Sur­veil­lance. The Coun­cil recalled that these efforts are part of work towards an Inte­grat­ed Mar­itime Pol­i­cy.

59. The Coun­cil empha­sised the impor­tance of seek­ing civ­il-mil­i­tary syn­er­gies in the research and tech­nol­o­gy area. In this regard, it wel­comed progress made in the field of syn­er­gies between civil­ian secu­ri­ty, space and defence-relat­ed research pro­grammes, and wel­comed the launch­ing of the Agency’s first con­tri­bu­tion to the Euro­pean Frame­work Coop­er­a­tion in the area of CBRN Pro­tec­tion.

60. The Coun­cil not­ed with sat­is­fac­tion the com­mence­ment of nego­ti­a­tions between the EDA and the Euro­pean Space Agency for an Admin­is­tra­tive Arrange­ment, with a view to its approval by the Coun­cil in Novem­ber 2010.

61. The con­tin­ued work on a Secu­ri­ty of Infor­ma­tion Agree­ment between the EU and OCCAR and an Admin­is­tra­tive Arrange­ment between EDA and OCCAR was wel­comed by the Coun­cil as a major step for­ward in sup­port of a seam­less trans­fer of capa­bil­i­ty require­ments into coop­er­a­tive pro­cure­ment pro­grammes. The Coun­cil invit­ed all par­ties to enhance efforts to con­clude the Secu­ri­ty of Infor­ma­tion Agree­ment and the Admin­is­tra­tive Arrange­ment as soon as pos­si­ble.

62. The Coun­cil encour­aged the fur­ther enhance­ment of the rela­tion­ship between EDA and the LoI Frame­work Agree­ment.

63. The Coun­cil encour­aged the Agency to inves­ti­gate its poten­tial involve­ment in the imple­men­ta­tion of the Sin­gle Euro­pean Sky (SES) reg­u­la­tions in order to iden­ti­fy ben­e­fits and cost-sav­ings for mil­i­tary avi­a­tion in the SES.

64. The Coun­cil reaf­firmed its sup­port for the Agency’s work on the Euro­pean Defence Tech­no­log­i­cal and Indus­tri­al Base, empha­sis­ing its full sup­port for a stronger involve­ment of small and medi­um- sized enter­pris­es in the sup­ply chain. It also encour­aged efforts towards an open, trans­par­ent and effi­cient Euro­pean Defence Equip­ment Mar­ket, includ­ing fol­low up of the Polit­i­cal Dec­la­ra­tion on Lev­el Play­ing Field, and work on secu­ri­ty of sup­ply. The Coun­cil encour­aged the work of the Agency towards devel­op­ing and sus­tain­ing key Euro­pean indus­tri­al capa­bil­i­ties in the field of aero­nau­ti­cal capa­bil­i­ties, in par­tic­u­lar for unmanned aer­i­al sys­tems.

Secu­ri­ty Sec­tor Reform

65. Wel­com­ing the progress made so far, the Coun­cil stressed the impor­tance of achiev­ing the oper­a­tional­i­sa­tion of the SSR pool of experts in due time, in order to strength­en the EU’s capac­i­ty in Secu­ri­ty Sec­tor Reform.

Small Arms and Light Weapons

66. The Coun­cil under­lined the impor­tance of con­sid­er­ing, in the plan­ning of future civil­ian and mil­i­tary CSDP mis­sions, the appro­pri­ate­ness and fea­si­bil­i­ty of includ­ing in the man­date of the mis­sions issues on Small Arms and Light Weapons.

Gen­der and Human Rights

67. The Coun­cil recalled the impor­tance of a con­tin­ued and sys­tem­at­ic con­sid­er­a­tion of human rights, gen­der and chil­dren affect­ed by armed con­flict aspects from the ear­ly plan­ning of CSDP mis­sions and oper­a­tions, dur­ing their con­duct, as well as in the sub­se­quent lessons iden­ti­fied process­es. The Coun­cil wel­comed the progress made, in par­tic­u­lar the sem­i­nar heldin March under the aus­pices of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy with a spe­cial focus on women in uni­form, work car­ried out by deployed gen­der and human rights advi­sors, as well as heads of mis­sions and oper­a­tion com­man­ders, to ensure that these aspects are main­streamed, set­ting up of a spe­cif­ic web­site in the GSC por­tal. This work needs to be fur­ther pur­sued, includ­ing in the relat­ed area of Pro­tec­tion of Civil­ians, where new impe­tus has been pro­vid­ed by the adop­tion of UNSCR 1894. It recalled the par­tic­u­lar rel­e­vance of gen­der and human rights aspects in the run up to the 10th anniver­sary of UNSCR 1325 in the autumn.

Con­flict Pre­ven­tion, Medi­a­tion and Dia­logue

68. The Coun­cil empha­sised the need to con­tin­ue the imple­men­ta­tion of the con­cept on strength­en­ing the EU medi­a­tion and dia­logue capac­i­ties, adopt­ed in 2009, in order to devel­op a more sys­tem­at­ic and coor­di­nat­ed approach and to strength­en EU capac­i­ty in this area. The Coun­cil called for prepara­to­ry steps to be tak­en in order to ini­ti­ate the envis­aged review of the process.

69. The Coun­cil empha­sised the EU’s engage­ment in the area of con­flict pre­ven­tion as set out in the Göte­borg Pro­gramme of 2001 and not­ed the work tak­en for­ward. It wel­comed the inten­tion to take stock of a decade’s progress in this field.

Train­ing

Euro­pean Secu­ri­ty and Defence Col­lege (ESDC)

70. The Coun­cil not­ed with sat­is­fac­tion the train­ing record of the ESDC since its estab­lish­ment in 2005, and recalled the College’s key role in CSDP relat­ed train­ing.

71. Against this back­ground, the Coun­cil recalled the need to increase the resources avail­able to the College’s Per­ma­nent Sec­re­tari­at, as defined in the ESDC Steer­ing Com­mit­tee rec­om­men­da­tions which it approved in Decem­ber 2008.

72. The Coun­cil wel­comed the progress on the Euro­pean ini­tia­tive on the exchange of young offi­cers dur­ing their ini­tial train­ing inspired by Eras­mus as pre­sent­ed by the High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive in her spe­cial report on the ini­tia­tive, includ­ing the frame­work regard­ing the ini­tia­tive to be fol­lowed by par­tic­i­pat­ing Mem­ber States when appro­pri­ate.

Lessons learned

73. In Decem­ber 2009, the Coun­cil adopt­ed a first Annu­al Lessons Report on civil­ian CSDP mis­sions, iden­ti­fy­ing key lessons, analysing trends and propos­ing imple­men­ta­tion of the lessons over the com­ing year. The Coun­cil empha­sised the impor­tance of the lessons iden­ti­fied process as a tool which pro­vides nec­es­sary and valu­able input to the civil­ian capa­bil­i­ty devel­op­ment effort includ­ing train­ing.

74. The Coun­cil under­lined the impor­tance of the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion and imple­men­ta­tion of horizontal/thematic lessons across the mil­i­tary and civil­ian fields in CSDP. The­mat­ic lessons reports and reviewed con­cepts will be pro­duced to enhance EU efforts at com­pre­hen­sive cri­sis man­age­ment as part of the CFSP.

Exer­cis­es

CME 09

75. The Coun­cil recog­nised that the exer­cise pro­vid­ed an excel­lent oppor­tu­ni­ty to test EU struc­tures and pro­ce­dures, includ­ing notably the EU Oper­a­tions Cen­tre, under con­di­tions of rapid response. Co-loca­tion of civil­ian and mil­i­tary experts in the CPCC and the EU Oper­a­tions Cen­tre very much facil­i­tat­ed this process. The Coun­cil under­lined the impor­tance of imple­ment­ing the lessons iden­ti­fied dur­ing CME 09 in due course.

MILEX

76. The Coun­cil wel­comed ongo­ing prepa­ra­tions for the con­duct in June of MILEX 10 and for MILEX 11.

EU Satel­lite Cen­tre (EUSC)

77. The Coun­cil wel­comed the valu­able sup­port the EUSC pro­vides to the ongo­ing EU civil­ian and mil­i­tary mis­sions.

78. The Coun­cil encour­aged the facil­i­tat­ed access of the EUSC to gov­ern­men­tal imagery, as it is already the case with regard to HELIOS II imagery, and looked for­ward to the use of Cos­mo- Skymed and Sar-Lupe imagery in the near future.

79. The Coun­cil wel­comed ongo­ing work relat­ed to the role of the EUSC in Glob­al Mon­i­tor­ing Envi­ron­ment Secu­ri­ty (GMES), which will be fur­ther explored.

80. The Coun­cil took note with sat­is­fac­tion of the progress made in coop­er­a­tion with the US Nation­al Geospa­tial-Intel­li­gence Agency (NGA), which should be fur­ther pur­sued as appro­pri­ate.

81. The Coun­cil not­ed the dis­cus­sion ongo­ing on finan­cial aspects of EUSC sup­port to EU civil­ian mis­sions.