III. CONFLICT PREVENTION AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT CAPABILITIES AND THEMATIC ISSUES
41. Civilian capability planning and development progressed in accordance with the Guiding Lines for the second semester of 2009. In the run-up to the final report for the Civilian Headline Goal 2010, which is due for the second semester of 2010, the Council looked forward to the presentation, in the first semester of 2010, of the third progress report on the implementation of the Guiding Lines.
42. The Council stressed the importance of continuing efforts to match ambition with resources. In this respect, it welcomed the launch of the feasibility study on a possible establishment of a permanent warehousing solution to stock equipment for civilian missions. It also welcomed the progress made with the development of the Goalkeeper software environment to facilitateinter alia the recruitment and training of personnel for civilian missions, and recalled the need to finalise, implement and operationalise all Goalkeeper applications without delay.
43. The Council noted the continued need for missions to be appropriately staffed. It encouraged further practical steps at both EU and national level, including the adoption of national measures/strategies as appropriate, to ensure generation of the required capabilities, including in view of possible rapid deployment. Training at both EU and national level enhances the quality as well as the quantity of personnel to be potentially engaged in the CSDP missions. The Council looked forward to the implementation of the revised CRT Concept.
Cooperation between CSDP and JHA
44. The Council underlined the importance of further strengthening the coordination, exchange of information and cooperation between CSDP missions and all the relevant JHA actors. It recalled that several CSDP missions contribute to EU internal security by supporting the fight against transnational crime and by building capacities in the field of international legal cooperation. It noted the JHA initiatives stressing the potential for reinforced synergies with CSDP in West-Africa and other regions as well.
Civil-Military Capability Development
45. The Council welcomed ongoing work as well as the presentation of the related workplan to promote synergies between the EU civilian and military capability development. It looked forward to the further discussion and implementation of this workplan and underlined the importance of concentrating on the concrete delivery of capabilities leading to operational improvements.
46. The Council underlined that the PSC should continue to play a leading role in this work by giving guidance to the work related to synergies between the EU civil and military capability development and noted the importance of the Crisis Management and Planning Directorate(CMPD) in the work ahead. The CMPD will continue, within its area of responsibility, inter alia to foster and coordinate work on synergies between civilian and military capability development, including in helping identify dual needs.
47. The Council welcomed the ongoing work towards integrated maritime surveillance as a concrete example of the search for civil-military synergies. In this context, the Council noted that the final report of the Wise Pen Team on maritime surveillance in support of CSDP was presented to the European Defence Agency’s Steering Board and the Military Committee and invites the Commission to consider, as appropriate, its conclusions in the elaboration of the roadmap for the implementation of an Integrated Maritime Surveillance in the European Union, to be presented before the end of 2010.
Headline Goal 2010
48. The Council welcomed the work carried out in developing Member States’ military capabilities and noted the Single Progress Report.
49. The Council welcomed the results of the continuous cooperative work of the EU Military Committee (EUMC) and the European Defence Agency (EDA) in the area of capability development, in particular on the update of the Capability Development Plan and lessons identified from operations.
50. The Council welcomed progress made in military concepts, notably the finalisation of the EUMC Interoperability Study. The Council noted with satisfaction progress in the area of Countering Improvised Explosive Devices which is essential for the security of forces deployed in CSDP operations. The Council looked forward to further progress in the EU’s comprehensive approach to crisis management. It noted that taking into account both civilian and military aspects of crisis management was essential to progress in this area.
51. The Council welcomed the work aimed at reaching full operational capability of the EU Operations Wide Area Network, which connects with Brussels all EU Operation Headquarters, two of the EU Force Headquarters and the EU Satellite Centre, as well as those Member States who so wish.
52. The Council looked forward to further reflections on ways to foster the delivery of European capabilities beyond the 2010 horizon. This should include considerations on the need to increase synergy between the civilian and military EU capability development processes.
53. The Council welcomed the agreement of the concept for the implementation of an EU Air Deployable Operating Base in the field of Air Rapid Response operations.
54. Welcoming the progress made so far in the work related to increasing flexibility and usability of EU Battlegroups in accordance with the guidelines agreed in November 2009, the Council recalled the need for increased cooperation between Battlegroups, and between Battlegroups and the Council General Secretariat, during the preparation phase as well as during and after the stand-by period, and encouraged all actors involved to take action to this aim.
55. The Council encouraged Member States to make new offers for Battlegroups from 2012 onwards and to fill in particular the vacant slot in the first Semester of 2012.
European Defence Agency
56. The Council welcomed the report by the Head of the European Defence Agency. It also welcomed the Agency’s role to strive for improved defence capabilities in support of CSDP as set out in the new Treaty on the European Union.
57. The Council encouraged the Agency’s ongoing efforts in support of CSDP capability development, underlining the particular importance of cooperation between Member States in view of increasing budgetary constraints, and noted the progress of work on the 2011–2013 workplan. The work on updating the Capability Development Plan and on the launching of new projects and initiatives, such as in the areas of Counter-Improvised Explosive Devices and pooling and sharing of capabilities, were welcomed by the Council.
58. The Council welcomed the work of the Wise Pen Team on Maritime Surveillance, notably in support of CSDP, and in this regard encouraged it to continue to provide input as foreseen in support of continuing work on the integration of Maritime Surveillance. The Council recalled that these efforts are part of work towards an Integrated Maritime Policy.
59. The Council emphasised the importance of seeking civil-military synergies in the research and technology area. In this regard, it welcomed progress made in the field of synergies between civilian security, space and defence-related research programmes, and welcomed the launching of the Agency’s first contribution to the European Framework Cooperation in the area of CBRN Protection.
60. The Council noted with satisfaction the commencement of negotiations between the EDA and the European Space Agency for an Administrative Arrangement, with a view to its approval by the Council in November 2010.
61. The continued work on a Security of Information Agreement between the EU and OCCAR and an Administrative Arrangement between EDA and OCCAR was welcomed by the Council as a major step forward in support of a seamless transfer of capability requirements into cooperative procurement programmes. The Council invited all parties to enhance efforts to conclude the Security of Information Agreement and the Administrative Arrangement as soon as possible.
62. The Council encouraged the further enhancement of the relationship between EDA and the LoI Framework Agreement.
63. The Council encouraged the Agency to investigate its potential involvement in the implementation of the Single European Sky (SES) regulations in order to identify benefits and cost-savings for military aviation in the SES.
64. The Council reaffirmed its support for the Agency’s work on the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base, emphasising its full support for a stronger involvement of small and medium- sized enterprises in the supply chain. It also encouraged efforts towards an open, transparent and efficient European Defence Equipment Market, including follow up of the Political Declaration on Level Playing Field, and work on security of supply. The Council encouraged the work of the Agency towards developing and sustaining key European industrial capabilities in the field of aeronautical capabilities, in particular for unmanned aerial systems.
Security Sector Reform
65. Welcoming the progress made so far, the Council stressed the importance of achieving the operationalisation of the SSR pool of experts in due time, in order to strengthen the EU’s capacity in Security Sector Reform.
Small Arms and Light Weapons
66. The Council underlined the importance of considering, in the planning of future civilian and military CSDP missions, the appropriateness and feasibility of including in the mandate of the missions issues on Small Arms and Light Weapons.
Gender and Human Rights
67. The Council recalled the importance of a continued and systematic consideration of human rights, gender and children affected by armed conflict aspects from the early planning of CSDP missions and operations, during their conduct, as well as in the subsequent lessons identified processes. The Council welcomed the progress made, in particular the seminar heldin March under the auspices of the Spanish Presidency with a special focus on women in uniform, work carried out by deployed gender and human rights advisors, as well as heads of missions and operation commanders, to ensure that these aspects are mainstreamed, setting up of a specific website in the GSC portal. This work needs to be further pursued, including in the related area of Protection of Civilians, where new impetus has been provided by the adoption of UNSCR 1894. It recalled the particular relevance of gender and human rights aspects in the run up to the 10th anniversary of UNSCR 1325 in the autumn.
Conflict Prevention, Mediation and Dialogue
68. The Council emphasised the need to continue the implementation of the concept on strengthening the EU mediation and dialogue capacities, adopted in 2009, in order to develop a more systematic and coordinated approach and to strengthen EU capacity in this area. The Council called for preparatory steps to be taken in order to initiate the envisaged review of the process.
69. The Council emphasised the EU’s engagement in the area of conflict prevention as set out in the Göteborg Programme of 2001 and noted the work taken forward. It welcomed the intention to take stock of a decade’s progress in this field.
European Security and Defence College (ESDC)
70. The Council noted with satisfaction the training record of the ESDC since its establishment in 2005, and recalled the College’s key role in CSDP related training.
71. Against this background, the Council recalled the need to increase the resources available to the College’s Permanent Secretariat, as defined in the ESDC Steering Committee recommendations which it approved in December 2008.
72. The Council welcomed the progress on the European initiative on the exchange of young officers during their initial training inspired by Erasmus as presented by the High Representative in her special report on the initiative, including the framework regarding the initiative to be followed by participating Member States when appropriate.
73. In December 2009, the Council adopted a first Annual Lessons Report on civilian CSDP missions, identifying key lessons, analysing trends and proposing implementation of the lessons over the coming year. The Council emphasised the importance of the lessons identified process as a tool which provides necessary and valuable input to the civilian capability development effort including training.
74. The Council underlined the importance of the identification and implementation of horizontal/thematic lessons across the military and civilian fields in CSDP. Thematic lessons reports and reviewed concepts will be produced to enhance EU efforts at comprehensive crisis management as part of the CFSP.
75. The Council recognised that the exercise provided an excellent opportunity to test EU structures and procedures, including notably the EU Operations Centre, under conditions of rapid response. Co-location of civilian and military experts in the CPCC and the EU Operations Centre very much facilitated this process. The Council underlined the importance of implementing the lessons identified during CME 09 in due course.
76. The Council welcomed ongoing preparations for the conduct in June of MILEX 10 and for MILEX 11.
EU Satellite Centre (EUSC)
77. The Council welcomed the valuable support the EUSC provides to the ongoing EU civilian and military missions.
78. The Council encouraged the facilitated access of the EUSC to governmental imagery, as it is already the case with regard to HELIOS II imagery, and looked forward to the use of Cosmo- Skymed and Sar-Lupe imagery in the near future.
79. The Council welcomed ongoing work related to the role of the EUSC in Global Monitoring Environment Security (GMES), which will be further explored.
80. The Council took note with satisfaction of the progress made in cooperation with the US National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), which should be further pursued as appropriate.
81. The Council noted the discussion ongoing on financial aspects of EUSC support to EU civilian missions.