4. The Council noted the important and specific role played by the mission in strengthening the stability of the region in line with its European perspective. The Council reiterated its full support to the further efforts of EULEX to exercise its mandate throughout Kosovo.
5. The Council noted with satisfaction the results achieved so far by EULEX KOSOVO in a difficult environment assisting judicial and law enforcement agencies and in promoting rule of law reforms, including in the prosecution and adjudication of sensitive criminal cases.
6. The Council expressed its support for the mission’s approach to intensify its efforts in the fight against organised crime and corruption. The Council further welcomed efforts to increase the mission’s presence and activities in the north of Kosovo, alongside other EU actors, including through the establishment of the EU House in Mitrovica.
7. The Council reiterated that the implementation of the EULEX KOSOVO mandate will require a consistent commitment by all stakeholders. The Council underlined the importance of cooperation by regional partners with the mission and of the strong support by international partners. It also stressed the need for continued and genuine cooperation of Kosovo authorities with the mission. The Council expressed its continued support to EULEX Kosovo’s efforts to enhance regional cooperation.
EUPM Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUPM)
8. The Council welcomed the efforts carried out by EUPM in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) to achieve its mandate and noted the important role played by the mission as part of the overall EU efforts towards BiH European perspective. It welcomed the refocusing of the mission’s mandate on the support to the fight against organised crime and corruption as well as results achieved so far in this area.
9. The Council welcomed Operation Althea’s continued important contribution to the EU’s comprehensive efforts in BiH. The Council recalled its Conclusions of 25 January 2010.
10. The Council welcomed progress with the implementation of the Operation’s new capacitybuilding and training tasks, which would contribute to strengthening local ownership and capacity. It also reiterated the importance of Member States continuing to provide the necessary resources for the ongoing Operation’s executive role.
11. The Council welcomed the continued efforts of the EUMM in implementing its mandate. The EUMM has made and continues to make significant contributions in the area of stabilisation and normalisation of the situation in Georgia. First of all through its monitoring activities and by promoting communication between the parties via the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanisms (IPRM).
12. The Council reiterated its call on all sides to fully implement the Six-Point Agreement and subsequent implementing measures to participate constructively in the Geneva talks and increase their efforts to mitigate the consequences of the conflict for the local population. While expressing its continued commitment to Georgia’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity as well as to the principal of non-use of force, the Council reiterated its support for the full implementation of the EUMM’s country-wide mandate, including access to the de-facto entities.
13. While acknowledging that progress on confidence building has taken place, the Council called on all actors on the ground to pursue their efforts on confidence building including as regards IDP return. The Council also noted the Georgian government’s new strategy for engagement with the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and called on all parties to seek opportunities to improve the lives and free movement of people on both sides of the Administrative Boundary Line. Ensuring free movement across the ABL is a key to confidence building.
14. The Council welcomed the strategic reform efforts of EUPOL AFGHANISTAN and its continuous work in strengthening the Afghan police and rule of law sector. The Council recognises the importance of EUPOL Afghanistan becoming the coordinator for the development of two pillars of the Afghan National Police, namely the Afghan Civilian Police and the Afghan Anticrime Police as requested by the Afghan Minister of the Interior. Sustainable civilian policing structures are a crucial element of the transition strategy agreed upon in the London Conference.
15. The Council welcomed ongoing work in preparing EUPOL Afghanistan’s extension and, in that context, a possible adaptation of its mandate. The Council also welcomed the HR’s intention to keep the mission under review, while ensuring its continuity and effectiveness.
16. The Council welcomed the continued progress made by EUPOL AFGHANISTAN at strategic, operational and tactical levels in line with its strategic objectives. The Council acknowledged the progress and expansion of the City Police Projects in building effective city police forces throughout the country. The Council also welcomed the emphasis of the mission on close coordination of its activities with other EU instruments and key partners, especially the recently activated cooperation with the NATO Training Mission Afghanistan.
17. The Council reaffirmed the strong commitment of the European Union to support the continued development of the rule of law in Iraq. The proposed activities for the mission over the next 2 years will also increase its presence and visibility in Iraq, as well as more specialized and alumni follow up training in country, building upon the success of recent pilot activities. The Council welcomed ongoing work in preparing EUJUST LEX’s extension until June 2012, following a strategic review.
18. The Council welcomed the work carried out by EUPOL COPPS in the establishment of sustainable and effective policing arrangements and in the criminal justice sector. The Council looked forward to initiatives aimed at enhancing the mission’s impact and contribution to the capacity building of the PA and to this end encouraged the further strengthening of the mission’s action at the strategic, operational and field level in close cooperation with Palestinian counterparts and other stakeholders.
19. The Council reaffirmed the political importance of EUBAM Rafah and its continued support for the mission. It welcomed in particular the maintenance of the mission’s operational capability as well as its reactivation plan, which would ensure a rapid resumption of its full activities in case of re-opening of the Rafah Crossing Point. The Council welcomed ongoing work in preparing EUBAM Rafah’s extension.
20. The Council commended that ATALANTA continued to successfully contribute to maritime security off the coast of Somalia by protecting World Food Programme chartered vessels delivering aid to Somalia, vessels supplying critical shipments to the AU peace support operation in Somalia (AMISOM), and other vulnerable vessels. The Council also welcomed the growing participation of third states and looked forward to the participation of Ukraine and Montenegro in ATALANTA, further to that of Norway and Croatia.
21. The Council noted that a large majority of successful attacks by pirates took place in circumstances where recommended best practice had apparently been ignored. The international maritime community was therefore encouraged to further promote full adherence to that recommended practice.
22. The Council recalled the leading role taken by ATALANTA in the SHADE (Shared Awareness and Deconfliction) mechanism to promote coordination between the multinational, national and regional naval forces operating in the area. In this respect, the Council welcomed the Chinese decision to cooperate more closely with other naval forces in taking active responsibility on a rotating basis for the coordination of naval assets in the Internationally Recommended Transit Corridor in the Gulf of Aden.
23. The Council welcomed the crucial contributions being made by Kenya and the Republic of Seychelles, on the basis of transfer agreements with the EU, to the detention and prosecution of suspected pirates and armed robbers apprehended by ATALANTA. The Council asked that all efforts be made to support Kenya and the Seychelles in their important roles, and recalled the EU’s readiness to step up the dialogue and continue to provide assistance.
24. The Council strongly encouraged ongoing work on the critical need to expand the international community’s capacity for the prosecution of suspected pirates. It recalled its authorisation of negotiations for transfer agreements between the EU and further regional countries, namely Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda. In this context, the Council highlighted the EU’s support for Kenya’s and Seychelles’ judicial systems through the Instrument for Stability, as well as possible similar support for other States in the region. The Council welcomed the recent amendments in Tanzanian law, which provide for prosecution of suspected pirates.
25. The Council underlined the necessity to pursue efforts aiming at sustainable solutions for the prosecution of suspected pirates taking notably into account work carried out in the framework of the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia. The Council took note of initiatives taken in the UN Security Council in this field.
26. The Council supported and encouraged continuing efforts by the International Maritime Organisation to suppress piracy and armed robbery at sea.
27. The Council encouraged the African Union and the regional organisations of East and Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to take on an increasing sense of ownership of the piracy issue and looked forward to the reflection of this in regional programmes.
28. The Council requested the High Representative to prepare work for the potential further extension of Operation Atalanta beyond December 2010, for consideration by the Council in due time, taking into account operational requirements.
29. The Council reiterated the European Union strong commitment to responding to the priority needs of the Somali people and stabilizing Somalia. As part of its comprehensive approach to the situation in Somalia, the EU supports the implementation of the Djibouti Agreement.
30. The EU and its Member States are supporting the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (TFG) to begin rebuilding security and creating an environment in which the gains of peace can be realized. In this regard, the Council stressed the importance of TFG’s ownership and welcomed the TFG’s commitment to this process.
31. In this context, the Council commended the launch on 7 April 2010 of EUTM Somalia, a military training mission in Uganda. This mission will contribute to strengthening the Somali Security Forces through the provision of specific military training for 2000 Somali recruits up to and including platoon level, including appropriate modular and specialized training for officers and non commissioned officers.
32. The Council stressed that EUTM Somalia should be considered as part of a wider EU and international engagement towards Somalia. It expressed its satisfaction with the close cooperation that has been established with key partners in this common endeavour, in particular with Uganda, the African Union, AMISOM, the United Nations and the United States. It welcomed the significant progress made so far, and underlined the importance of ensuring that the wider conditions continue to be put in place for the effective and sustainable contribution of EUTM trainees to the Somali security forces and the stabilisation of Somalia.
EUSEC RD Congo
33. The Council welcomed the work of EUSEC RD Congo and stressed that defence reform and good governance in the defence field remain key factors in creating conditions for lasting stability and development in the country.
34. The Council underlined the importance of EUSEC RD Congo’s key tasks of providing advice and assistance for defence reform with the aim of implementing the Congolese revised reform plan for the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC) and to translate it into concrete actions. The Council highlighted the importance of political commitment and coordination by the Congolese authorities to take the reform process forward, and the role of the UN, in close cooperation with the Congolese authorities, on SSR.
35. The Council welcomed the end of the census process for the CNDP at the end of November 2009. It emphasised the need to continue work on integrating all former armed groups.
36. The Council underlined the importance of local Congolese ownership in the first instance and the overall EU engagement in DRC in preventing and addressing human rights violations; in the fight against sexual violence and in addressing children affected by armed conflict.
EUPOL RD Congo
37. The Council welcomed the work of EUPOL RD Congo in supporting the reform of the Congolese national police and its interaction with the justice sector, in particular recent positive results, such as the submission of the draft Organic Law for the Police to the Congolese National Assembly. The Council also noted the adoption of other significant documents such as the Police Action Plan and the important coordination work conducted by the Comité de Suivi de la Réforme de la Police (CSRP).
38. The Council welcomed the work started by the mission antennas in Goma and Bukavu and the reinforced effort in the area of criminal investigation, including the fight against impunity and sexual violence.
EU SSR Guinea-Bissau
39. The Council welcomed the work of EU SSR Guinea-Bissau in supporting local authorities to bring forward the reform process. Particular emphasis was given to finalising basic legislation underpinning the new security structures in the sectors of defence, police and justice.
40. The Council called for a comprehensive approach to future EU engagement in security sector reform. However, in light of recent events in Guinea-Bissau, engagement will depend on further political developments, including respect for democratic principles, human rights and rule of law allowing stability and progress on such reform.