3. Cooperation on regional issues
Summit leaders underlined the usefulness of strategic dialogues on East Asia, and Central Asia, and in general of regular exchanges of assessment on developments in their respective neighbourhood. Summit leaders shared their intention to strengthen their operational cooperation, acknowledging the importance of making it more action-oriented in promoting international peace and stability.
They expressed interest in exploring possible areas of cooperation in policies and programmes aimed at stabilising the EU’s neighbourhood, including in the Western Balkans and within the Eastern Partnership, the Black Sea Synergy and the Union for the Mediterranean.
East Asian regional integration
Summit leaders recognised the importance of building, in the long run, an East Asian community based on the principle of openness, transparency and inclusiveness and functional cooperation. Recognizing that the East Asia Summit (EAS) was a forum driven by ASEAN in close partnership with its other participants, Japan welcomed the EU’s continued interest on greater EAS engagement and its accession to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia.
Summit leaders acknowledged the important role of the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) as a platform for dialogue, cooperation and policy development between the two regions with the view of further contributing to the development of the globalised international community. They also recognised that it is high time for ASEM to move from “a dialogue mode” to “a partnership” between the two regions in enhancing political, economic and cultural exchange. In this regard, they looked forward to ASEM 8 to be held in Brussels, Belgium, on 4–5 October in 2010.
Middle East Peace Process
Summit leaders stressed the special importance of making efforts to establish a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East. They shared the view of a two-state solution with the State of Israel and an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable Palestinian State, living side by side in peace and security. They shared the view that the resumption of peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians is urgently needed. Summit leaders expressed strong support to the efforts by the Palestinian Authority to implement its state-building plan and its commitment to further invest in the Palestinian institutions, and indicated that they will explore possibilities for further coordination to promote the Middle East Peace Process, including cooperation in Palestinian Statebuilding efforts.
The Summit leaders expressed their concerns about the recently adopted restrictive electoral laws. They called for the elections planned for 2010 to be transparent, fully inclusive, free and fair. They also called on the Government of Myanmar to release all political prisoners, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. The Summit leaders expressed their readiness to respond positively to substantive political progress. They reaffirmed their full support for the UN Secretary General’s Mission of Good Offices and called on the Government to cooperate fully with him.
Summit leaders took note of the results of the Presidential and the recent Parliamentary elections in Sri Lanka. In this context, they urged the Government and all communities in Sri Lanka to make concrete efforts to overcome the divisions of the past and to move on to genuine reconciliation, in order to achieve long-term security and prosperity. Summit leaders will work together to encourage and support Sri Lankan efforts to achieve these goals.
Summit leaders reconfirmed their intention to cooperate closely with Africa including the African Union and to continually support Africa’s development and progress including towards the MDGs through the TICAD (Tokyo International Conference on African Development) process and under the Joint Africa-EU Strategy. Furthermore, recognising the importance of peace and security in Africa, they shared the view that they would actively extend assistance for enhancing Africa’s peace-keeping capability as well as for promoting democratisation.
Council of the European Union