2. Cooperation on global issues
Global Economy and Finance
Summit leaders reaffirmed that Japan and the EU will work closely together on international economic cooperation, especially within the G20. Priorities will include:
– To strive for the implementation by all parties of the G20 Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth.
– To maintain momentum in the reform of financial regulation and lead international cooperation in this field.
– To implement commitments to reform of the International Financial Institutions, including a shift in the IMF quota share from over-represented to underrepresented countries.
– To continue cooperative and coordinated approaches for undertaking fiscal consolidation.
Summit leaders shared the view that Japan and the EU will exercise joint leadership in the field of climate change and promote the development of a sustainable low carbon global economy.
Priorities will include:
– To encourage all the remaining Parties which have not yet done so to associate themselves with the Copenhagen Accord, and to encourage those Parties which are in a position to do so to submit ambitious targets or actions.
– To strive for early adoption of a robust and effective legally binding agreement, which establishes a fair and effective international framework with participation by all major economies, with the shared view that the UNFCCC negotiating process should lead the discussion to create one comprehensive agreement based on the Accord.
– To encourage efforts in various countries, in particular other major economies, to take further ambitious actions while ensuring transparency, underlining the necessity to reduce global Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions by at least 50% by 2050 from 1990 level and, as part of this, to reduce GHG emissions by developed countries in aggregate by 80% or more.
– To cooperate closely and exchange experience in the development of domestic emissions trading systems and explore how such systems could be developed and operated to reduce GHG emissions steadily and efficiently.
– To pursue the reform of the Clean Development Mechanism, including expansion of areas such as Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and the introduction of new mechanisms, and exchange views on how to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions.
– To continue with the implementation of “fast-start” funding activities for 2010- 2012 as part of concrete assistance programmes or projects for mitigation and adaptation measures by developing countries, and to encourage transparency of this effort as well as the mobilisation of private finance.
– To cooperate closely and exchange experience in the development, deployment and transfer of technologies in sectors such as power generation, industry, transportation, architecture, residential, agriculture, forestry, and CCS.
– To establish REDD-plus mechanism, while ensuring its environmental integrity, to encourage more efficient and effective emission reduction actions globally.
Summit leaders confirmed that Japan and the EU will also step up cooperation aiming at the reduction and elimination of barriers to trade in environmental goods and services in appropriate fora.
Summit leaders reaffirmed their commitment to cooperate closely to ensure the success of the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Priorities will include:
– To promote the development of an ambitious vision and of ambitious but realistic, and measurable short-term, targets for biodiversity beyond 2010, acknowledging that these should be acceptable to the international community, including developing countries.
– To support the completion of negotiations of an international regime on ABS (access and benefit-sharing of genetic resources).
– To support the adoption of balanced and effective international rules in the field of liability and redress in the context of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
– To support the establishment of an inter-governmental science-policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services as soon as possible in 2010
Millennium Development Goals/ Development
Summit leaders confirmed that Japan and the EU will define concrete ways of contributing, particularly in Africa, to collective efforts to meet the MDGs, where the aspect of human security is essential.
Priorities will include:
– Follow up discussions of the Japan-EU policy dialogue on development on issues such as MDGs, public opinion and outreach, innovative financing, aid and development effectiveness, and climate change financing.
– Reflect the perspective of protecting and empowering individuals as a key input at the High-Level Plenary Meeting of the sixty-fifth session of the UN General Assembly.
Non-proliferation and disarmament
Summit leaders reaffirmed that they would work closely together for an early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, the completion of its verification regime, and the dismantling as soon as possible of all nuclear testing facilities in a manner that is transparent and open to the international community. They also concurred on the need to work together for the opening without delay and without preconditions of negotiations for a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons, with verification provisions, in the Conference on Disarmament (CD).
Summit leaders also shared their intention to strengthen existing Japan-EU cooperation on outer space, in the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), the Conference on Disarmament and as regards the EU initiative on “Code of Conduct for outer space activities”.
Summit leaders reiterated their strong commitment to the fight against terrorism and support for the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. In this regard, they exchanged appreciation for their respective assistance efforts to build counter-terrorism capacity in countries such as Pakistan and Yemen, and in the Southeast Asian region.
Summit leaders expressed their support for effective multilateralism and for the central role of the UN in international affairs. They underlined the importance of fully implementing the reforms of the UN system adopted at the 2005 UN Summit, including reform of the main UN bodies, as referred to in the outcome document, in order to strengthen the UN’s capacity to effectively address global challenges. Summit leaders also underscored the importance of further multilateral cooperation, including in the work of the Human Rights Council and the Peace-building Commission.
Summit leaders welcomed the Report of the Secretary General of the UN on Human Security and reaffirmed their intention to cooperate in this concept in the UN and other international fora. In this regard, they stressed the need for the UN General Assembly to discuss issues relating to human security in accordance with the 2005 World Summit Outcome.
Reflecting the common values shared by Japan and the EU, Summit leaders were of the view that Japan and the EU should further expand their cooperation on human rights, both on the basis of their twice yearly consultations and their cooperation within the Human Rights Council.
International Criminal Court (ICC)
Summit leaders their reaffirmed the full support to the ICC and its key role in ensuring accountability for the most serious crimes of international concern. Japan and the EU will work together to further enhance the effectiveness of the court and will contribute to the effort of promoting the full universalisation of the Rome Statute.
Responsibility to protect
Summit leaders also stressed the need for the UN General Assembly (UNGA), in accordance with the UNGA resolution 63/308, to continue considerations of the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and its implications, bearing in mind the principles of the UN Charter and international law, as stated in the 2005 World Summit Outcome.