19th EU-Japan Summit Tokyo

2. Coop­er­a­tion on glob­al issues

Glob­al Econ­o­my and Finance

Sum­mit lead­ers reaf­firmed that Japan and the EU will work close­ly togeth­er on inter­na­tion­al eco­nom­ic coop­er­a­tion, espe­cial­ly with­in the G20. Pri­or­i­ties will include:
– To strive for the imple­men­ta­tion by all par­ties of the G20 Frame­work for Strong, Sus­tain­able and Bal­anced Growth.
– To main­tain momen­tum in the reform of finan­cial reg­u­la­tion and lead inter­na­tion­al coop­er­a­tion in this field.
– To imple­ment com­mit­ments to reform of the Inter­na­tion­al Finan­cial Insti­tu­tions, includ­ing a shift in the IMF quo­ta share from over-rep­re­sent­ed to under­rep­re­sent­ed coun­tries.
– To con­tin­ue coop­er­a­tive and coor­di­nat­ed approach­es for under­tak­ing fis­cal con­sol­i­da­tion.

Cli­mate change

Sum­mit lead­ers shared the view that Japan and the EU will exer­cise joint lead­er­ship in the field of cli­mate change and pro­mote the devel­op­ment of a sus­tain­able low car­bon glob­al econ­o­my.
Pri­or­i­ties will include:
– To encour­age all the remain­ing Par­ties which have not yet done so to asso­ciate them­selves with the Copen­hagen Accord, and to encour­age those Par­ties which are in a posi­tion to do so to sub­mit ambi­tious tar­gets or actions.
– To strive for ear­ly adop­tion of a robust and effec­tive legal­ly bind­ing agree­ment, which estab­lish­es a fair and effec­tive inter­na­tion­al frame­work with par­tic­i­pa­tion by all major economies, with the shared view that the UNFCCC nego­ti­at­ing process should lead the dis­cus­sion to cre­ate one com­pre­hen­sive agree­ment based on the Accord.
– To encour­age efforts in var­i­ous coun­tries, in par­tic­u­lar oth­er major economies, to take fur­ther ambi­tious actions while ensur­ing trans­paren­cy, under­lin­ing the neces­si­ty to reduce glob­al Green­house gas­es (GHG) emis­sions by at least 50% by 2050 from 1990 lev­el and, as part of this, to reduce GHG emis­sions by devel­oped coun­tries in aggre­gate by 80% or more.
– To coop­er­ate close­ly and exchange expe­ri­ence in the devel­op­ment of domes­tic emis­sions trad­ing sys­tems and explore how such sys­tems could be devel­oped and oper­at­ed to reduce GHG emis­sions steadi­ly and effi­cient­ly.
– To pur­sue the reform of the Clean Devel­op­ment Mech­a­nism, includ­ing expan­sion of areas such as Car­bon Cap­ture and Stor­age (CCS) and the intro­duc­tion of new mech­a­nisms, and exchange views on how to enhance the cost-effec­tive­ness of, and to pro­mote, mit­i­ga­tion actions.
– To con­tin­ue with the imple­men­ta­tion of “fast-start” fund­ing activ­i­ties for 2010- 2012 as part of con­crete assis­tance pro­grammes or projects for mit­i­ga­tion and adap­ta­tion mea­sures by devel­op­ing coun­tries, and to encour­age trans­paren­cy of this effort as well as the mobil­i­sa­tion of pri­vate finance.
– To coop­er­ate close­ly and exchange expe­ri­ence in the devel­op­ment, deploy­ment and trans­fer of tech­nolo­gies in sec­tors such as pow­er gen­er­a­tion, indus­try, trans­porta­tion, archi­tec­ture, res­i­den­tial, agri­cul­ture, forestry, and CCS.
– To estab­lish REDD-plus mech­a­nism, while ensur­ing its envi­ron­men­tal integri­ty, to encour­age more effi­cient and effec­tive emis­sion reduc­tion actions glob­al­ly.
Sum­mit lead­ers con­firmed that Japan and the EU will also step up coop­er­a­tion aim­ing at the reduc­tion and elim­i­na­tion of bar­ri­ers to trade in envi­ron­men­tal goods and ser­vices in appro­pri­ate fora.

Bio­di­ver­si­ty

Sum­mit lead­ers reaf­firmed their com­mit­ment to coop­er­ate close­ly to ensure the suc­cess of the tenth meet­ing of the Con­fer­ence of the Par­ties to the Con­ven­tion on Bio­log­i­cal Diver­si­ty.
Pri­or­i­ties will include:
– To pro­mote the devel­op­ment of an ambi­tious vision and of ambi­tious but real­is­tic, and mea­sur­able short-term, tar­gets for bio­di­ver­si­ty beyond 2010, acknowl­edg­ing that these should be accept­able to the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty, includ­ing devel­op­ing coun­tries.
– To sup­port the com­ple­tion of nego­ti­a­tions of an inter­na­tion­al regime on ABS (access and ben­e­fit-shar­ing of genet­ic resources).
– To sup­port the adop­tion of bal­anced and effec­tive inter­na­tion­al rules in the field of lia­bil­i­ty and redress in the con­text of the Carta­ge­na Pro­to­col on Biosafe­ty.
– To sup­port the estab­lish­ment of an inter-gov­ern­men­tal sci­ence-pol­i­cy plat­form on bio­di­ver­si­ty and ecosys­tem ser­vices as soon as pos­si­ble in 2010

Mil­len­ni­um Devel­op­ment Goals/ Devel­op­ment

Sum­mit lead­ers con­firmed that Japan and the EU will define con­crete ways of con­tribut­ing, par­tic­u­lar­ly in Africa, to col­lec­tive efforts to meet the MDGs, where the aspect of human secu­ri­ty is essen­tial.
Pri­or­i­ties will include:
– Fol­low up dis­cus­sions of the Japan-EU pol­i­cy dia­logue on devel­op­ment on issues such as MDGs, pub­lic opin­ion and out­reach, inno­v­a­tive financ­ing, aid and devel­op­ment effec­tive­ness, and cli­mate change financ­ing.
– Reflect the per­spec­tive of pro­tect­ing and empow­er­ing indi­vid­u­als as a key input at the High-Lev­el Ple­nary Meet­ing of the six­ty-fifth ses­sion of the UN Gen­er­al Assem­bly.

Non-pro­lif­er­a­tion and dis­ar­ma­ment

Sum­mit lead­ers reaf­firmed that they would work close­ly togeth­er for an ear­ly entry into force of the Com­pre­hen­sive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, the com­ple­tion of its ver­i­fi­ca­tion regime, and the dis­man­tling as soon as pos­si­ble of all nuclear test­ing facil­i­ties in a man­ner that is trans­par­ent and open to the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty. They also con­curred on the need to work togeth­er for the open­ing with­out delay and with­out pre­con­di­tions of nego­ti­a­tions for a treaty ban­ning the pro­duc­tion of fis­sile mate­r­i­al for nuclear weapons, with ver­i­fi­ca­tion pro­vi­sions, in the Con­fer­ence on Dis­ar­ma­ment (CD).

Sum­mit lead­ers also shared their inten­tion to strength­en exist­ing Japan-EU coop­er­a­tion on out­er space, in the Unit­ed Nations Com­mit­tee on the Peace­ful Uses of Out­er Space (COPUOS), the Con­fer­ence on Dis­ar­ma­ment and as regards the EU ini­tia­tive on “Code of Con­duct for out­er space activ­i­ties”.

Counter-ter­ror­ism

Sum­mit lead­ers reit­er­at­ed their strong com­mit­ment to the fight against ter­ror­ism and sup­port for the UN Glob­al Counter-Ter­ror­ism Strat­e­gy. In this regard, they exchanged appre­ci­a­tion for their respec­tive assis­tance efforts to build counter-ter­ror­ism capac­i­ty in coun­tries such as Pak­istan and Yemen, and in the South­east Asian region.

UN reform

Sum­mit lead­ers expressed their sup­port for effec­tive mul­ti­lat­er­al­ism and for the cen­tral role of the UN in inter­na­tion­al affairs. They under­lined the impor­tance of ful­ly imple­ment­ing the reforms of the UN sys­tem adopt­ed at the 2005 UN Sum­mit, includ­ing reform of the main UN bod­ies, as referred to in the out­come doc­u­ment, in order to strength­en the UN’s capac­i­ty to effec­tive­ly address glob­al chal­lenges. Sum­mit lead­ers also under­scored the impor­tance of fur­ther mul­ti­lat­er­al coop­er­a­tion, includ­ing in the work of the Human Rights Coun­cil and the Peace-build­ing Com­mis­sion.

Human secu­ri­ty

Sum­mit lead­ers wel­comed the Report of the Sec­re­tary Gen­er­al of the UN on Human Secu­ri­ty and reaf­firmed their inten­tion to coop­er­ate in this con­cept in the UN and oth­er inter­na­tion­al fora. In this regard, they stressed the need for the UN Gen­er­al Assem­bly to dis­cuss issues relat­ing to human secu­ri­ty in accor­dance with the 2005 World Sum­mit Out­come.

Human rights

Reflect­ing the com­mon val­ues shared by Japan and the EU, Sum­mit lead­ers were of the view that Japan and the EU should fur­ther expand their coop­er­a­tion on human rights, both on the basis of their twice year­ly con­sul­ta­tions and their coop­er­a­tion with­in the Human Rights Coun­cil.

Inter­na­tion­al Crim­i­nal Court (ICC)

Sum­mit lead­ers their reaf­firmed the full sup­port to the ICC and its key role in ensur­ing account­abil­i­ty for the most seri­ous crimes of inter­na­tion­al con­cern. Japan and the EU will work togeth­er to fur­ther enhance the effec­tive­ness of the court and will con­tribute to the effort of pro­mot­ing the full uni­ver­sal­i­sa­tion of the Rome Statute.

Respon­si­bil­i­ty to pro­tect

Sum­mit lead­ers also stressed the need for the UN Gen­er­al Assem­bly (UNGA), in accor­dance with the UNGA res­o­lu­tion 63/308, to con­tin­ue con­sid­er­a­tions of the respon­si­bil­i­ty to pro­tect pop­u­la­tions from geno­cide, war crimes, eth­nic cleans­ing and crimes against human­i­ty and its impli­ca­tions, bear­ing in mind the prin­ci­ples of the UN Char­ter and inter­na­tion­al law, as stat­ed in the 2005 World Sum­mit Out­come.