19th EU-Japan Summit Tokyo

Japan – EU coop­er­a­tion in Afghanistan

8. Japan and the EU recon­firmed their inten­tion to work togeth­er – and in active part­ner­ship with the Afghan gov­ern­ment, the Unit­ed Nations (UN) and oth­er inter­na­tion­al part­ners – to pro­mote a secure, sta­ble and pros­per­ous future for the peo­ple of Afghanistan. They wel­comed their suc­cess­ful coop­er­a­tion on the ground with the Provin­cial Recon­struc­tion Teams. They con­firmed their readi­ness to seek pos­si­ble coop­er­a­tion on secu­ri­ty, rein­te­gra­tion and devel­op­ment assis­tance, in the con­text of the EU’s Action Plan for Afghanistan and Pak­istan adopt­ed in Octo­ber 2009 and Japan’s assis­tance pack­age to Afghanistan and Pak­istan announced in Novem­ber 2009. In this regard, they decid­ed:
• To con­tin­ue to explore coop­er­a­tion between Japan and the EU in the field of assis­tance for the capac­i­ty build­ing of the Afghan police includ­ing improve­ment of facil­i­ties in Ghor Province.
• To hold a capac­i­ty build­ing sem­i­nar in Tajik­istan that aims to enhance bor­der man­age­ment capac­i­ty of the coun­tries neigh­bour­ing Afghanistan.

Japan’s con­tri­bu­tion to the EU Com­mon Secu­ri­ty and Defence Pol­i­cy

9. Sum­mit lead­ers under­lined the impor­tance of sup­port­ing nation­al efforts of coun­tries emerg­ing from con­flict to achieve sus­tain­able peace. Japan high­ly appre­ci­at­ed cri­sis man­age­ment and post-con­flict peace-build­ing activ­i­ties being con­duct­ed by the EU under the Com­mon Secu­ri­ty and Defence Pol­i­cy (CSDP). Japan expressed its inter­est in con­tribut­ing civil­ian per­son­nel to CSDP civil­ian mis­sions for the first time and the EU wel­comed it.

Joint efforts on counter-pira­cy

10. Sum­mit lead­ers reit­er­at­ed the impor­tance of con­tin­u­ing their efforts to address the increas­ing threat posed by pirates to the safe­ty of mar­itime nav­i­ga­tion off the coast of Soma­lia and the Gulf of Aden and to sta­bil­i­ty in the region. They com­mend­ed the fruit­ful inter­ac­tion to this end between the units of the Japan Mar­itime Self-Defence Force and EU NAVFOR Soma­lia – Oper­a­tion ATALANTA present in the zone. They decid­ed to coor­di­nate in sup­port­ing the activ­i­ties of the planned Dji­bouti region­al train­ing cen­tre and the infor­ma­tion­shar­ing cen­tres in Yemen, Kenya and Tan­za­nia.

Japan-EU con­sul­ta­tion mech­a­nisms

11. Sum­mit lead­ers decid­ed to con­tin­ue reg­u­lar con­sul­ta­tion mech­a­nisms for sub­stan­tial coop­er­a­tion on glob­al and bilat­er­al issues at Sum­mit and min­is­te­r­i­al lev­el.

Japan – EU coop­er­a­tion on key glob­al issues Cli­mate change and envi­ron­ment

12. Sum­mit lead­ers recog­nised cli­mate change as one of the great­est chal­lenges fac­ing the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty, and wel­comed the marked con­ver­gence between Japan and the EU on this issue since the last Japan-EU Sum­mit. They shared the con­vic­tion that Japan and the EU should exer­cise joint lead­er­ship, achiev­ing their cur­rent tar­gets under the Kyoto Pro­to­col, and strive for ear­ly adop­tion of a robust and effec­tive legal­ly bind­ing agree­ment which estab­lish­es a fair and effec­tive new inter­na­tion­al frame­work with par­tic­i­pa­tion by all major economies, respect­ing expe­ri­ence learned from the Kyoto Pro­to­col. They reaf­firmed their asso­ci­a­tion with the Copen­hagen Accord, and con­sid­ered that the UNFCCC nego­ti­at­ing process should lead to the cre­ation of a com­pre­hen­sive agree­ment based on the Accord, rec­og­niz­ing the sci­en­tif­ic view that the increase in glob­al tem­per­a­ture should be held below 2°C. They called for remain­ing UNFCCC Par­ties to asso­ciate them­selves with the Accord and to sub­mit ambi­tious tar­gets or actions.

13. Sum­mit lead­ers con­curred on the need for close coop­er­a­tion to curb the man-made destruc­tion of the nat­ur­al envi­ron­ment. They shared the view that Japan and the EU should coop­er­ate to ensure the suc­cess of the tenth meet­ing of the Con­fer­ence of the Par­ties to the Con­ven­tion on Bio­log­i­cal Diver­si­ty which Japan will host in Nagoya, Aichi, in Octo­ber.

Mil­len­ni­um Devel­op­ment Goals (MDGs)

14. Sum­mit lead­ers expressed con­cern at the neg­a­tive impact of the glob­al finan­cial and eco­nom­ic cri­sis on devel­op­ing coun­tries and at the slow pace in achiev­ing the MDGs, par­tic­u­lar­ly in Africa. They stressed the need for rein­vig­o­rat­ed col­lec­tive action to accel­er­ate progress, in order for the MDGs to be achieved by 2015, with a spe­cial empha­sis on sup­port­ing frag­ile states and on meet­ing those MDGs which are most off-track such as edu­ca­tion and health. They called for ambi­tious out­comes from the UN High-Lev­el Ple­nary Meet­ing to be held in Sep­tem­ber 2010, and com­mit­ted to work togeth­er to this end.

Pro­mot­ing Peace and Secu­ri­ty

15. Sum­mit lead­ers wel­comed the sign­ing of the new START treaty by the Unit­ed States and the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion. Sum­mit lead­ers reaf­firmed the com­mit­ment to seek­ing a safer world for all, and to cre­at­ing the con­di­tions for a world with­out nuclear weapons, in accor­dance with the goals of the Treaty on the Non- Pro­lif­er­a­tion of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). They also expressed their inten­tion to redou­ble efforts on prac­ti­cal mea­sures to accom­plish that pur­pose such as the pur­suit of com­pre­hen­sive reduc­tions of nuclear arse­nals. They called on all states to join this endeav­our.

16. Sum­mit lead­ers wel­comed the suc­cess­ful out­comes of the Nuclear Secu­ri­ty Sum­mit held in Wash­ing­ton D.C. on 12–13 April 2010, and reaf­firmed their com­mit­ment to strength­en­ing nuclear secu­ri­ty world­wide.

17. Sum­mit lead­ers shared the opin­ion that Japan and the EU should coop­er­ate close­ly, with a view to ensur­ing that the 2010 NPT Review Con­fer­ence is suc­cess­ful in strength­en­ing the Treaty, reaf­firm­ing its cen­tral role in the inter­na­tion­al dis­ar­ma­ment and non-pro­lif­er­a­tion regime, and attain­ing a mean­ing­ful and bal­anced out­come on its three pil­lars, name­ly dis­ar­ma­ment, non­pro­lif­er­a­tion and the peace­ful uses of nuclear ener­gy.

18. Sum­mit lead­ers, giv­en the impor­tance of the role that the Inter­na­tion­al Atom­ic Ener­gy Agency (IAEA) plays in both nuclear non-pro­lif­er­a­tion and the peace­ful uses of nuclear ener­gy, stressed that the com­pre­hen­sive safe­guards agree­ment togeth­er with the addi­tion­al pro­to­col should become the ver­i­fi­ca­tion stan­dard.

19. Sum­mit lead­ers expressed seri­ous con­cern over Iran’s nuclear pro­gramme and con­tin­ued fail­ure to meet its inter­na­tion­al oblig­a­tions. They regret­ted that Iran has so far not seized the oppor­tu­ni­ty to engage con­struc­tive­ly with Chi­na, France, Ger­many, Rus­sia, the Unit­ed King­dom, the Unit­ed States of Amer­i­ca, and the High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the EU for For­eign Affairs and Secu­ri­ty Pol­i­cy. They strong­ly urged Iran to coop­er­ate ful­ly with the IAEA and to com­ply with­out delay with the rel­e­vant UN Secu­ri­ty Coun­cil Res­o­lu­tions. They reaf­firmed the impor­tance of uni­ty of the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty and expressed – con­sis­tent with the dual-track approach — their com­mit­ment to take nec­es­sary mea­sures, includ­ing addi­tion­al UN sanc­tions, for a peace­ful res­o­lu­tion.

20. Sum­mit lead­ers wel­comed the con­ven­ing of the UN Con­fer­ence on the Arms Trade Treaty in 2012 which aims to elab­o­rate a legal­ly bind­ing instru­ment on the high­est pos­si­ble com­mon inter­na­tion­al stan­dards for the trans­fer of con­ven­tion­al arms. They reaf­firmed that Japan and the EU will coop­er­ate close­ly to achieve a strong and robust treaty.

Region­al Issues

21. Giv­en the grow­ing role of Chi­na with­in the region as well as in inter­na­tion­al rela­tions, Sum­mit lead­ers stressed the impor­tance of work­ing with Chi­na as a respon­si­ble and con­struc­tive part­ner in the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty. The Japan­ese leader expressed the view that the issue of arms embar­go deserves care­ful con­sid­er­a­tion in the light of the region­al secu­ri­ty envi­ron­ment.

22. Sum­mit lead­ers recog­nised the neces­si­ty of address­ing the out­stand­ing issues of con­cern with North Korea, in par­tic­u­lar the nuclear issue, the mis­sile issue and the human rights issue, includ­ing the abduc­tion issue. They reaf­firmed the impor­tance of the steady imple­men­ta­tion of the UN Secu­ri­ty Coun­cil Res­o­lu­tions 1718 and 1874. Fur­ther­more, they urged North Korea to take pos­i­tive and con­crete mea­sures, with a view to the com­plete, ver­i­fi­able and irre­versible denu­cleari­sa­tion, includ­ing prompt return to the Six-Par­ty Talks with­out pre­con­di­tions and to the full imple­men­ta­tion of the Sep­tem­ber 2005 Joint State­ment.

Glob­al econ­o­my, finance and trade

23. Sum­mit lead­ers stressed the need for main­tain­ing close glob­al pol­i­cy coor­di­na­tion to under­pin the emerg­ing recov­ery in the world econ­o­my. They called for stead­fast imple­men­ta­tion of the com­mit­ments made at the pre­vi­ous G20 Sum­mits. They pledged that Japan and the EU would work close­ly togeth­er to ensure the suc­cess of the G20 Sum­mits in Toron­to in June and in Seoul in Novem­ber.

24. Sum­mit lead­ers under­lined their shared com­mit­ment to a rapid con­clu­sion of the WTO Doha Round on bal­anced, com­pre­hen­sive and ambi­tious terms, as it would be a pow­er­ful dri­ver for future eco­nom­ic growth. They also com­mit­ted to a rapid, ambi­tious and bal­anced con­clu­sion of nego­ti­a­tions on the revi­sion of the Gov­ern­ment Pro­cure­ment Agree­ment and to mak­ing all efforts towards the com­ple­tion of nego­ti­a­tions of the Anti-Coun­ter­feit­ing Trade Agree­ment (ACTA) in 2010.

25. Sum­mit lead­ers also exchanged their visions on devel­op­ments regard­ing their respec­tive new growth strate­gies (Japan’s New Growth Strat­e­gy and Europe 2020 Strat­e­gy). They not­ed a num­ber of com­mon­al­i­ties both in terms of the eco­nom­ic chal­lenges faced by Japan and the EU, and the respons­es pro­posed. They reaf­firmed the impor­tance of con­tin­u­ing bilat­er­al dia­logue in this area, with a view to exchang­ing best prac­tices and shar­ing expe­ri­ence.

26. Sum­mit lead­ers reviewed and wel­comed the progress made over the past year regard­ing “a few spe­cif­ic non tar­iff issues” under para­graph 34 of the Joint Press State­ment of the EU-Japan Sum­mit of 2009. They stressed the impor­tance of con­tin­u­ing to work togeth­er on those issues in the con­text of the joint High-Lev­el Group and of suc­cess­ful­ly com­plet­ing that work.

ANNEX:

Sum­mit lead­ers under­lined the impor­tance of dia­logues between Japan and the EU in coor­di­nat­ing posi­tions on key issues of com­mon inter­est. They shared their inten­tion to explore more sys­tem­at­i­cal­ly pos­si­bil­i­ties to devel­op and pro­mote joint posi­tions in inter­na­tion­al fora as well as joint actions aim­ing at con­crete results.