Japan – EU cooperation in Afghanistan
8. Japan and the EU reconfirmed their intention to work together – and in active partnership with the Afghan government, the United Nations (UN) and other international partners – to promote a secure, stable and prosperous future for the people of Afghanistan. They welcomed their successful cooperation on the ground with the Provincial Reconstruction Teams. They confirmed their readiness to seek possible cooperation on security, reintegration and development assistance, in the context of the EU’s Action Plan for Afghanistan and Pakistan adopted in October 2009 and Japan’s assistance package to Afghanistan and Pakistan announced in November 2009. In this regard, they decided:
• To continue to explore cooperation between Japan and the EU in the field of assistance for the capacity building of the Afghan police including improvement of facilities in Ghor Province.
• To hold a capacity building seminar in Tajikistan that aims to enhance border management capacity of the countries neighbouring Afghanistan.
Japan’s contribution to the EU Common Security and Defence Policy
9. Summit leaders underlined the importance of supporting national efforts of countries emerging from conflict to achieve sustainable peace. Japan highly appreciated crisis management and post-conflict peace-building activities being conducted by the EU under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Japan expressed its interest in contributing civilian personnel to CSDP civilian missions for the first time and the EU welcomed it.
Joint efforts on counter-piracy
10. Summit leaders reiterated the importance of continuing their efforts to address the increasing threat posed by pirates to the safety of maritime navigation off the coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden and to stability in the region. They commended the fruitful interaction to this end between the units of the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force and EU NAVFOR Somalia – Operation ATALANTA present in the zone. They decided to coordinate in supporting the activities of the planned Djibouti regional training centre and the informationsharing centres in Yemen, Kenya and Tanzania.
Japan-EU consultation mechanisms
11. Summit leaders decided to continue regular consultation mechanisms for substantial cooperation on global and bilateral issues at Summit and ministerial level.
Japan – EU cooperation on key global issues Climate change and environment
12. Summit leaders recognised climate change as one of the greatest challenges facing the international community, and welcomed the marked convergence between Japan and the EU on this issue since the last Japan-EU Summit. They shared the conviction that Japan and the EU should exercise joint leadership, achieving their current targets under the Kyoto Protocol, and strive for early adoption of a robust and effective legally binding agreement which establishes a fair and effective new international framework with participation by all major economies, respecting experience learned from the Kyoto Protocol. They reaffirmed their association with the Copenhagen Accord, and considered that the UNFCCC negotiating process should lead to the creation of a comprehensive agreement based on the Accord, recognizing the scientific view that the increase in global temperature should be held below 2°C. They called for remaining UNFCCC Parties to associate themselves with the Accord and to submit ambitious targets or actions.
13. Summit leaders concurred on the need for close cooperation to curb the man-made destruction of the natural environment. They shared the view that Japan and the EU should cooperate to ensure the success of the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity which Japan will host in Nagoya, Aichi, in October.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
14. Summit leaders expressed concern at the negative impact of the global financial and economic crisis on developing countries and at the slow pace in achieving the MDGs, particularly in Africa. They stressed the need for reinvigorated collective action to accelerate progress, in order for the MDGs to be achieved by 2015, with a special emphasis on supporting fragile states and on meeting those MDGs which are most off-track such as education and health. They called for ambitious outcomes from the UN High-Level Plenary Meeting to be held in September 2010, and committed to work together to this end.
Promoting Peace and Security
15. Summit leaders welcomed the signing of the new START treaty by the United States and the Russian Federation. Summit leaders reaffirmed the commitment to seeking a safer world for all, and to creating the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). They also expressed their intention to redouble efforts on practical measures to accomplish that purpose such as the pursuit of comprehensive reductions of nuclear arsenals. They called on all states to join this endeavour.
16. Summit leaders welcomed the successful outcomes of the Nuclear Security Summit held in Washington D.C. on 12–13 April 2010, and reaffirmed their commitment to strengthening nuclear security worldwide.
17. Summit leaders shared the opinion that Japan and the EU should cooperate closely, with a view to ensuring that the 2010 NPT Review Conference is successful in strengthening the Treaty, reaffirming its central role in the international disarmament and non-proliferation regime, and attaining a meaningful and balanced outcome on its three pillars, namely disarmament, nonproliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
18. Summit leaders, given the importance of the role that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) plays in both nuclear non-proliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, stressed that the comprehensive safeguards agreement together with the additional protocol should become the verification standard.
19. Summit leaders expressed serious concern over Iran’s nuclear programme and continued failure to meet its international obligations. They regretted that Iran has so far not seized the opportunity to engage constructively with China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. They strongly urged Iran to cooperate fully with the IAEA and to comply without delay with the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions. They reaffirmed the importance of unity of the international community and expressed – consistent with the dual-track approach — their commitment to take necessary measures, including additional UN sanctions, for a peaceful resolution.
20. Summit leaders welcomed the convening of the UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty in 2012 which aims to elaborate a legally binding instrument on the highest possible common international standards for the transfer of conventional arms. They reaffirmed that Japan and the EU will cooperate closely to achieve a strong and robust treaty.
21. Given the growing role of China within the region as well as in international relations, Summit leaders stressed the importance of working with China as a responsible and constructive partner in the international community. The Japanese leader expressed the view that the issue of arms embargo deserves careful consideration in the light of the regional security environment.
22. Summit leaders recognised the necessity of addressing the outstanding issues of concern with North Korea, in particular the nuclear issue, the missile issue and the human rights issue, including the abduction issue. They reaffirmed the importance of the steady implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874. Furthermore, they urged North Korea to take positive and concrete measures, with a view to the complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation, including prompt return to the Six-Party Talks without preconditions and to the full implementation of the September 2005 Joint Statement.
Global economy, finance and trade
23. Summit leaders stressed the need for maintaining close global policy coordination to underpin the emerging recovery in the world economy. They called for steadfast implementation of the commitments made at the previous G20 Summits. They pledged that Japan and the EU would work closely together to ensure the success of the G20 Summits in Toronto in June and in Seoul in November.
24. Summit leaders underlined their shared commitment to a rapid conclusion of the WTO Doha Round on balanced, comprehensive and ambitious terms, as it would be a powerful driver for future economic growth. They also committed to a rapid, ambitious and balanced conclusion of negotiations on the revision of the Government Procurement Agreement and to making all efforts towards the completion of negotiations of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) in 2010.
25. Summit leaders also exchanged their visions on developments regarding their respective new growth strategies (Japan’s New Growth Strategy and Europe 2020 Strategy). They noted a number of commonalities both in terms of the economic challenges faced by Japan and the EU, and the responses proposed. They reaffirmed the importance of continuing bilateral dialogue in this area, with a view to exchanging best practices and sharing experience.
26. Summit leaders reviewed and welcomed the progress made over the past year regarding “a few specific non tariff issues” under paragraph 34 of the Joint Press Statement of the EU-Japan Summit of 2009. They stressed the importance of continuing to work together on those issues in the context of the joint High-Level Group and of successfully completing that work.
Summit leaders underlined the importance of dialogues between Japan and the EU in coordinating positions on key issues of common interest. They shared their intention to explore more systematically possibilities to develop and promote joint positions in international fora as well as joint actions aiming at concrete results.