C. Working together in ASEM
13. The Ministers welcomed the strategic importance of the ASEM as a vehicle to promote partnership for dialogue and co-operation between Asia and Europe. In this regard, the Ministers reaffirmed the mutually reinforcing roles of the ASEAN-EU Dialogue and ASEM in maintaining peace and stability as well as promoting conditions conducive to sustainable economic and social development for the benefit of their peoples. The Ministers would continue to work to ensure that both processes achieved their maximum potential. They also noted that Belgium would host the 8th ASEM Summit on 4–5 October 2010 with the theme ‘Improving the Quality of Life: Achieving greater wellbeing and more dignity for all citizens’, deepening and reinforcing the ASEM dialogue towards a closer partnership mode.
D. Joining efforts to address global issues Alliance of Civilizations Initiative
14. Ministers reaffirmed their support for the UN Alliance of Civilisation (AOC) initiative and welcomed the efforts made by the UN SG and the High Representative for the AOC in promoting mutual understanding and respect among civilisations. The adoption of the UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/64/14 on the AOC on 10 November 2009 supports a wide range of activities and allows the initiative to be more operative. The Ministers noted with satisfaction the growing community of the Group of Friends of the AOC and the results of the two Global Forums held in Madrid in 2008 and in Istanbul in 2009. They welcomed the next Global Forum of the AOC in Brazil on 28–29 May 2010, as a new opportunity to foster inclusive dialogues and to develop synergies in working in favour of common values and shared interests among diverse cultures and communities.
15. The Ministers expressed support for the implementation of the 64th UNGA Resolution (A/RES/64/81) “Promoting Inter-religious and Intercultural Dialogue, Understanding and Cooperation for Peace” and the interfaith dialogue initiatives in the UN. They took note of the recent adoption of the Manila Declaration and Programme of Action on interfaith dialogue and cooperation for peace and development at the Special Non-Aligned Movement Ministerial Meeting.
16. The Ministers recalled that the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is a crucial instrument for maintaining and reinforcing international peace, security and stability. In this context, Ministers welcomed the efforts of the 2010 NPT Review Conference to achieve a substantive and balanced outcome on all three mutually-reinforcing pillars of the Treaty of nonproliferation, disarmament and the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to strengthen the international non-proliferation regime by promoting the universalisation of all relevant Treaties and fulfilling their obligations under international disarmament and non-proliferation treaties.
17. The Ministers reiterated that for the NPT goals to be achieved, all NPT State Parties must adhere to their obligations under the NPT. They also called upon all States that are outside of the NPT to accede to the Treaty as Non-nuclear Weapons States. ASEAN emphasised its Statement delivered at the 2010 NPT Conference on 4 May 2010. Ministers expressed appreciation to the Philippines for its able and effective Presidency of the 2010 NPT Review Conference.
18. The Ministers called upon all States that have yet to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty to do so, without delay and conditions, particularly the nine remaining States listed in Annex II, with a view to securing the Treaty’s early entry into force since the Treaty forms an essential part of the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime. The Ministers welcomed the intention of Indonesia to advance the ratification of the CTBT.
19. The Ministers called upon all concerned States to begin with negotiations at the Conference on Disarmament on a Treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
20. The Ministers recognised the importance of the Treaty of Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in contributing towards global nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation and peace and security in the region. ASEAN encouraged the early accession by the Nuclear Weapons States to the Protocol of the Treaty in accordance with the objectives and principles of the Treaty.
21. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to curbing illegal trade and excessive accumulation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) in accordance with the UN programme of action on SALW. The Ministers underlined the need for all Member States to fully engage in the upcoming Biannual Meeting of States to discuss the UN Programme of Action on SALW. The Ministers agreed to pursue the efforts led by the United Nations to establish international standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional arms. The EU expressed the belief that this should be achieved through an arms trade treaty.
22. The Ministers welcomed the offer of the Lao PDR to host the First Meeting of State Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 9 – 12 November 2010 in Vientiane, Lao PDR following its entry into force.
Fight against terrorism
23. The Ministers welcomed efforts undertaken by ASEAN and EU Member States to promote counter-terrorism co-operation and enhance human security, through collective and bilateral approaches. They looked forward to the upcoming review of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. They tasked the relevant officials to take the necessary steps to implement the Joint Declaration on Co-operation to Combat International Terrorism adopted at the 14th ASEAN-EU Ministerial Meeting in Brussels in January 2003. They agreed to pursue the negotiations on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism. The Ministers recognized that measures taken to prevent and counter terrorism must be carried out in accordance with, and full respect for, international law as well as relevant domestic law. The Ministers reiterated their support to strengthen counterterrorism cooperation among regional counter terrorism institutions and agencies such as the Jakarta Law Enforcement Centre for Cooperation (JCLEC), the Southeast Asia Regional Centre for Counter Terrorism (SEARCCT) in Kuala Lumpur and the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) in Bangkok.
24. The Ministers recognised the increasing interconnections between terrorism and transnational organised crime and the need for a constant update on strategies, well-targeted objectives, better co-ordinated multilateral efforts and law enforcement. Ministers also agreed that the UN Convention on Transnational Organised Crime (or “Palermo Convention”) are and the UN Convention Against Corruption (or “Merida Convention”) are the primary tools to address these challenges and are committed to promoting their universal ratification and full implementation.
Sustaining the world economic recovery
25. The Ministers exchanged views on how the EU and ASEAN could best help to achieve a sustained and balanced global recovery. Taking into account its economic resilience during the current crisis, Asia could be a major contributor to global economic growth in the coming years, and boosting domestic demand would be important to rebalance growth.
26. The Ministers resolved to contribute to reform the global economic and financial architecture in order to safeguard the global economy from future crises, and to promote regional and global economic growth and recovery. They also welcomed the representation and governance reforms of the International Financial Institutions agreed by the G‑20 in Pittsburgh in September 2009, to ensure their legitimacy and effectiveness.
27. The Ministers reaffirmed the Doha Development Agenda as a priority for both ASEAN and the EU and stressed the importance of achieving an early, ambitious and balanced conclusion at the earliest opportunity. They emphasised the need to ensure that negotiations remain on track. A successful and balanced conclusion of the DDA is crucial in the context of the current global economic weakness and would help reduce protectionism. It would also send an important signal of their governments’ continued belief in and support for strengthening the multilateral trading system. In this regard, the Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to keep markets open, reject protectionism, refrain from raising new barriers to trade and investment while avoiding the WTO-inconsistent measures. ASEAN Ministers also expressed their appreciation for the EU’s continued support for accession of Lao PDR to the WTO.
Climate change and the environment
28. The Ministers welcomed the adoption of the ASEAN Leaders’ Statement on Joint Response to Climate Change issued at the 16th ASEAN Summit in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. The Ministers affirmed that the best way to achieve a comprehensive post 2012 climate agreement is to pursue a deal under the auspices of the UNFCCC. The Ministers noted the large number of countries associating themselves with the Copenhagen Accord. Ministers acknowledged the need for closer co-operation in environmental conservation, sustainable development and natural resource management, including sustainable management of forest resources and the areas of biodiversity and trans-boundary environmental pollution control and management. In this regard, ASEAN welcomed EU efforts in developing a post- 2010 biodiversity policy framework. ASEAN expressed appreciation for the EU’s long-standing support to the ASEAN Center for Biodiversity and underlined its firm commitment to continue its efforts to ensure the long-term financial sustainability of this endeavour, including through contributions by ASEAN Member States to the ASEAN Biodiversity Fund. The Ministers also encouraged further co-operation in relation to coral reefs, fisheries, food security, adaptation to climate change and the implementation of the Manado Oceans Declaration.
29. The Ministers, recognising that averting dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system requires the increase in global mean surface temperature to be kept below 2°C compared with pre-industrial levels, underlined their commitment to work together to address climate change and encouraged all UNFCCC Parties to engage constructively and work towards a legally binding global agreement at COP 16/CMP 6 in December 2010.
30. ASEAN warmly welcomed the EU’s initiative by introducing, after COP 15, the “Fast Track” financial commitment to provide EUR 2.4 billion to developing countries annually from 2010 – 2012.
31. ASEAN called upon the EU to take full account of the specific needs and special situations of ASEAN Member States, particularly the least developed countries in ASEAN and those most affected by climate change, and to support them with adequate, predictable and sustainable financial resources, transfer of technology, as well as capacity enhancement, to enable them to develop on a low emission pathway.
32. While noting that developing countries may undertake actions voluntarily and on the basis of support, the EU encouraged ASEAN to make active contributions to the global efforts to address climate change through the development and implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), in accordance with their different national circumstances.