18th ASEAN-EU Ministerial Meeting Co-Chair’s Statement

The 18th ASEAN-EU Min­is­te­r­i­al Meet­ing, under the theme of “Part­ners in Region­al Inte­gra­tion”, was held in Madrid, Spain on 26 May 2010 and co-chaired by their Excel­len­cies Miguel Ángel Morati­nos, Min­is­ter of For­eign Affairs and Co-oper­a­tion of Spain, the EU High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive for For­eign Affairs and Secu­ri­ty Pol­i­cy / Vice- Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion Lady Cather­ine Ash­ton and His Roy­al High­ness Prince Mohamed Bolki­ah, Min­is­ter of For­eign Affairs and Trade of Brunei Darus­salam. The Meet­ing was attend­ed by For­eign Min­is­ters from ASEAN and EU Mem­ber States and the Sec­re­tary-Gen­er­al of ASEAN.

PART I: BUILD A COMPREHENSIVE POLITICAL PARTNERSHIP

1. The Min­is­ters reaf­firmed the unique char­ac­ter of the part­ner­ship between the EU and ASEAN, the two regions of the world that are most advanced in region­al inte­gra­tion. This is a part­ner­ship built on over thir­ty years of dia­logue and coop­er­a­tion, and based on a spir­it of equal­i­ty, mutu­al respect and mutu­al ben­e­fit. It is being sup­port­ed and rein­forced by the Nurem­berg Dec­la­ra­tion on an EUASEAN Enhanced Part­ner­ship as well as the Part­ner­ship and Co-oper­a­tion Agree­ments (PCAs) being nego­ti­at­ed with ASEAN Mem­ber States, a process which has gained momen­tum from the recent sign­ing of the first PCA with Indone­sia. The Min­is­ters under­lined the poten­tial strate­gic impor­tance of the part­ner­ship rep­re­sent­ing, as it does, almost one and a quar­ter bil­lion peo­ple. They reaf­firmed their shared desire to pro­mote polit­i­cal sta­bil­i­ty and secu­ri­ty, eco­nom­ic progress, jus­tice, democ­ra­cy, human rights, good gov­er­nance, the rule of law and social equal­i­ty, peace, and sus­tain­able devel­op­ment in accor­dance with the spir­it of the Char­ter of the Unit­ed Nations.

2. The Min­is­ters resolved to inten­si­fy rela­tions fur­ther through deep­en­ing polit­i­cal engage­ment and devel­op­ing a com­pre­hen­sive co-oper­a­tion, based in par­tic­u­lar on the Plan of Action to Imple­ment the Nurem­berg Dec­la­ra­tion on an EU-ASEAN Enhanced Part­ner­ship for the peri­od 2007–2012. Cel­e­brat­ing the 30th anniver­sary of the EC-ASEAN Co-oper­a­tion Agree­ment signed in Kuala Lumpur on 7 March 1980, the Min­is­ters expressed sat­is­fac­tion at the sig­nif­i­cant devel­op­ment of coop­er­a­tion and its diver­si­fi­ca­tion into new areas. They com­mend­ed the out­comes of the Phnom Penh Agen­da agreed at the 17th Min­is­te­r­i­al Meet­ing for pri­or­i­ties in imple­ment­ing the Plan of Action in 2009–2010 (Annex 2). They agreed on new pri­or­i­ty activ­i­ties under the Plan of Action for 2011–2012 (Annex 1). They tasked senior offi­cials to report on fur­ther progress, as well as pro­pose new direc­tions for ASEAN-EU co-oper­a­tion after 2012, at the next ASEAN-EU Min­is­te­r­i­al Meet­ing.

A. Sup­port­ing ASEAN’s wider region­al role

3. The EU under­lined its con­tin­u­ing sup­port for ASEAN’s cen­tral role in dri­ving wider co-oper­a­tion in the region. In this regard, the Min­is­ters expressed sup­port for ASEAN’s two-pronged approach for accel­er­at­ing its inte­gra­tion and com­mu­ni­ty build­ing efforts while inten­si­fy­ing its exter­nal rela­tions includ­ing through the ASEAN Region­al Forum (ARF), the ASEAN Post-Min­is­te­r­i­al Con­fer­ence Plus One, the ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Sum­mit. The Min­is­ters agreed that these process­es should be mutu­al­ly rein­forc­ing and there­fore encour­aged enhanced links between the ASEAN Polit­i­cal-Secu­ri­ty Com­mu­ni­ty and the ARF in order to achieve syn­er­gies on issues of com­mon con­cern. They also looked for­ward to the imple­men­ta­tion of the ARF Vision State­ment in order to fur­ther strength­en the Forum’s rel­e­vance and effec­tive­ness.

4. The Min­is­ters wel­comed the progress in amend­ing the Treaty of Ami­ty and Coop­er­a­tion in South­east Asia (TAC) to allow the EU to join the Treaty. They looked for­ward to the EU’s acces­sion to the TAC, on com­ple­tion of the nec­es­sary pro­ce­dures. The EU empha­sised that its appli­ca­tion to accede to the TAC had been intend­ed as a sig­nal of sup­port for ASEAN, and for inte­gra­tion ini­tia­tives in the wider region, and the ben­e­fits that these could bring in terms of enhanced sta­bil­i­ty, secu­ri­ty and eco­nom­ic pros­per­i­ty. The EU, as the first Dia­logue Part­ner to estab­lish infor­mal rela­tions with ASEAN in 1972, wished to engage fur­ther with the region in order to help achieve these ben­e­fits.

B. Exchang­ing views on devel­op­ments in ASEAN and the EU

5. The Min­is­ters wel­comed ASEAN’s con­tin­ued progress in region­al inte­gra­tion fol­low­ing adop­tion of the ASEAN Char­ter, in par­tic­u­lar the efforts to realise the ASEAN Eco­nom­ic Com­mu­ni­ty by 2015. The Min­is­ters not­ed the full imple­men­ta­tion of the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and the entry into force of the ASEAN-Chi­na FTA, ASEAN-Repub­lic of Korea FTA, ASEAN-Aus­tralia- New Zealand FTA and the ASEAN-India Trade in Goods Agree­ment on 1 Jan­u­ary 2010. They also not­ed the launch­ing of the Chi­ang Mai Ini­tia­tive Mul­ti­lat­er­al­i­sa­tion on 24 March 2010, estab­lish­ing a pool of for­eign-cur­ren­cy reserves ($120 bil­lion) among ASEAN, Chi­na, Japan and Repub­lic of Korea.

6. The Min­is­ters took note of the out­come of the 16th ASEAN Sum­mit in Ha Noi, Viet Nam on 8–9 April 2010 par­tic­u­lar­ly on the com­mit­ment to imple­ment the Roadmap for an ASEAN Com­mu­ni­ty by 2015 and the ASEAN Lead­ers’ State­ment on ASEAN Con­nec­tiv­i­ty. ASEAN wel­comed the EU’s assis­tance in pro­mot­ing and devel­op­ing con­nec­tiv­i­ty in the region includ­ing in air, sea and land trans­porta­tion links and looked for­ward to deep­en­ing the exchange of views with the EU in light of its advanced phys­i­cal infra­struc­tures, com­mu­ni­ca­tion sys­tems and sophis­ti­cat­ed tech­nolo­gies.

7. The Min­is­ters agreed to strength­en mutu­al coop­er­a­tion in pro­mot­ing and pro­tect­ing human rights. They expressed their sat­is­fac­tion at the grow­ing dia­logue on human rights between the EU and coun­tries of Asia and dis­cussed the pos­si­bil­i­ty of work­ing togeth­er to address the grow­ing spec­trum of human rights issues. The Min­is­ters also wel­comed the estab­lish­ment of the ASEAN Inter­gov­ern­men­tal Com­mis­sion on Human Rights (AICHR). In this regard, they sup­port­ed increased dia­logue between the EU and ASEAN. The Min­is­ters wel­comed the recent estab­lish­ment of the ASEAN Com­mis­sion on the Pro­mo­tion and Pro­tec­tion of the Rights of Women and Chil­dren (ACWC). ASEAN wel­comed the EU’s sup­port in achiev­ing the mis­sion of the ACWC.

8. The Min­is­ters not­ed the inter­est of EU to explore the pos­si­bil­i­ty of engag­ing in defence coop­er­a­tion with ASEAN.

9. The Min­is­ters exchanged views on Myan­mar. They took note of the polit­i­cal devel­op­ments in the coun­try includ­ing prepa­ra­tions for the gen­er­al elec­tions to be held this year, with the EU rais­ing the issue of Aung San Suu Kyi. Both sides empha­sized that the polit­i­cal and socio-eco­nom­ic chal­lenges fac­ing the coun­try should be resolved through engag­ing all stake­hold­ers in an inclu­sive polit­i­cal process lead­ing to nation­al rec­on­cil­i­a­tion and to peace­ful tran­si­tion to civil­ian gov­ern­ment. There­fore they called on the Gov­ern­ment of Myan­mar to make the forth­com­ing elec­tions a cred­i­ble, trans­par­ent, demo­c­ra­t­ic and inclu­sive process. They believed that the ear­ly release of those under deten­tion would con­tribute to mak­ing the elec­tions more inclu­sive and help bring about a peace­ful polit­i­cal tran­si­tion. They also encour­aged the Gov­ern­ment of Myan­mar to con­tin­ue to engage in mean­ing­ful man­ner with the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty, includ­ing ASEAN and the UN.

10. The Min­is­ters wel­comed the intent of the EU to step up its dia­logue with the author­i­ties of the coun­try and oth­er key stake­hold­ers by send­ing a del­e­ga­tion to Myan­mar to explore the pos­si­bil­i­ties for devel­op­ing its engage­ment. Both sides agreed to con­tin­ue their dia­logue includ­ing on how to step up assis­tance to the peo­ple of Myan­mar in order to con­tribute to the urgent­ly need­ed improve­ment of social and eco­nom­ic con­di­tions. The Min­is­ters affirmed their com­mit­ment to the sov­er­eign­ty and ter­ri­to­r­i­al integri­ty of Myan­mar. In that con­text, they reit­er­at­ed that the future of Myan­mar lies in the hands of all of its peo­ple.

11. With regard to devel­op­ments in the EU, ASEAN wel­comed the rat­i­fi­ca­tion and entry into force of the Lis­bon Treaty and the recent appoint­ments of the Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Coun­cil and the High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive for For­eign Affairs and Secu­ri­ty Pol­i­cy/Vice-Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion. ASEAN hoped that these appoint­ments will bring about reg­u­lar and effec­tive con­sul­ta­tions between ASEAN and the EU. Fur­ther­more, Min­is­ters not­ed the EU’s brief­ing on their 2020 Strat­e­gy aimed at turn­ing the EU into a smart, sus­tain­able and inclu­sive econ­o­my deliv­er­ing high lev­els of employ­ment, pro­duc­tiv­i­ty and social cohe­sion.

12. The Min­is­ters wel­comed the recov­ery of both regions from the glob­al finan­cial and eco­nom­ic cri­sis. In spite of the pos­i­tive devel­op­ments, both sides called for close coop­er­a­tion to achieve a more bal­anced inter­na­tion­al finan­cial archi­tec­ture, includ­ing a more equi­table rep­re­sen­ta­tion of devel­op­ing coun­tries, and more effec­tive glob­al gov­er­nance. The Min­is­ters agreed that by pro­mot­ing trade, invest­ment and finan­cial links between ASEAN and the EU, growth and pros­per­i­ty would be enhanced in both regions. Thus, they wel­comed the com­mit­ment to strength­en trade rela­tions fur­ther between the two regions, and the renewed engage­ment to achieve that, includ­ing the launch of this year’s bilat­er­al FTA nego­ti­a­tions between the EU and indi­vid­ual ASEAN Mem­ber States. These agree­ments could pro­vide a step­ping stone for a future agree­ment in the region­al con­text. Min­is­ters encour­aged the rel­e­vant senior offi­cials on both sides to work togeth­er to exam­ine fur­ther ways in which the EU and ASEAN could strength­en their eco­nom­ic rela­tion­ship in view of the AEM-EU Con­sul­ta­tions to be held in Danang, Viet­nam in August 2010.

Team GlobDef

Team GlobDef

Seit 2001 ist GlobalDefence.net im Internet unterwegs, um mit eigenen Analysen, interessanten Kooperationen und umfassenden Informationen für einen spannenden Überblick der Weltlage zu sorgen. GlobalDefenc.net war dabei die erste deutschsprachige Internetseite, die mit dem Schwerpunkt Sicherheitspolitik außerhalb von Hochschulen oder Instituten aufgetreten ist.

Alle Beiträge ansehen von Team GlobDef →