Sondereinsätzkräfte / Special Operations Unit
The Special Operations Unit coat ot arms is represented by a shield, denoting military defence, and depicting a fluttering red ribbon, which is symbolic of ardour. The gold sword in the middle of the shield with its tip pointing upwards symbolises fighting spirit and military honor. The head of a lynx and the lime leaf are distinctive symbols of the MORiS Special Brigade and reflect the continuation of the tradition and the characteristic of the lynx, for which members of the detachment are respected. The lynx is characterized for agility, inaudibility, abruptness, efficiency and strong desire for victory. The lynx is one of the most beautiful and strongest European animals with an exceptional ability of adapting. It is a loner and does not tolerate any rivals on his territory. In Slovenia, this animal is found mostly in the Kocevje forests.
The unit was established in August 1998 from the rapid reaction detachment, which operated as part of the MORiS Brigade and was, along with the headquarters, also the core of the brigade. It is a combat unit of particularly selected, trained and equipped service members for special operations. The unit can operate independently or in co-operation with other SAF or allied units. The purpose of the unit is to extend its combat operations into the depth of the enemy´s deployment with the aim to reduce his combat power, material resources, combat support service capabilities and combat morale. The special operations of the unit differ from conventional operations in the degree of risk, operational methods, way of force employment, independence of support and dependence on intelligence operations and sources in the enemy‘s rear area.
With regard to the task to which it was assigned, the unit establishes combat groups and carries out special operations in the depth or rear area of the enemy and fighting against commando-terrorist groups which operate in military areas. The unit is trained for direct actions, anti-commando operations, in-depth reconnaissance and intelligence operations and combat search and rescue. Service members are regularly trained in tactics of small units, parachuting, diving, mountaineering and in breaking water obstacles.
Many soldiers would like to become service members of SAF special forces; however, only few succeed. The road to the green beret, the symbol of the special forces, is difficult and long. Those who are up for the challenge have to take part in a 12-day selection process and, later, a 6‑month basic training, which is usually successfully completed by only 15 to 20 percent of the candidates.
Along with training their service members in the area of general and specific topics, the unit carries out training of other SAF service members, such as scouts and marksmen and those who have to master skills of survival in nature. They take part in various training sessions abroad, and in co-operation with the helicopter battalion, they provide a combat search and rescue team. The unit regularly participates in joint training in Slovenia and abroad with comparable allied units.
Text/Bild Quelle — text/image source:
Slowenisches Verteidigungsministerium / Slovenian Ministry of Defence (MOD):
Kladnik, Tomaz: Slovenian Armed Forces in the service of Slovenia; 2nd supplemented edition. Ljubljana, 2007, ISBN 978–961-6177–14‑6