Asien — China’s National Defense in 2008

VIII. The People’s Armed Police Force

As a com­po­nent of China’s armed forces and sub­or­di­nate to the State Coun­cil, the People’s Armed Police Force (PAPF) is under the dual lead­er­ship of the State Coun­cil and the CMC. The PAPF con­sists of the inter­nal secu­ri­ty force and var­i­ous police forces. The bor­der pub­lic secu­ri­ty, fire­fight­ing and secu­ri­ty guard forces are also com­po­nents of the PAPF. The PAPF is charged with the fun­da­men­tal task of safe­guard­ing nation­al secu­ri­ty, main­tain­ing social sta­bil­i­ty and ensur­ing that the peo­ple live and work in peace and contentment. 

Rou­tine Guard Duties
Rou­tine guard duties refer to duties the PAPF per­forms to main­tain inter­nal secu­ri­ty, which are most­ly car­ried out by the inter­nal secu­ri­ty force. The basic tasks are: to guard against all forms of attempt­ed attacks and sab­o­tage; pro­tect des­ig­nat­ed indi­vid­u­als and facil­i­ties; ensure the secu­ri­ty of impor­tant inter­na­tion­al and nation­al con­fer­ences and large-scale cul­tur­al and sports events; pro­tect impor­tant air­ports, radio sta­tions, and key and con­fi­den­tial units, and vital places in such sec­tors as state econ­o­my and nation­al defense; pro­tect impor­tant bridges and tun­nels; ensure the secu­ri­ty of pris­ons and deten­tion hous­es; and main­tain pub­lic order in state-des­ig­nat­ed large and medi­um-sized cities or spe­cif­ic zones. Rou­tine guard duties can be divid­ed into reg­u­lar and tem­po­rary mis­sions. Usu­al­ly the reg­u­lar mis­sions are assigned by the Min­istry of Pub­lic Secu­ri­ty, and the tem­po­rary ones are assigned by local Par­ty com­mit­tees, gov­ern­ments or pub­lic secu­ri­ty organs. 

Every day, more than 260,000 PAPF ser­vice­men are on guard duty. In recent years, the PAPF has made efforts to reg­u­lar­ize and strict­ly man­age the per­for­mance of its duties, and improve it through sci­ence and tech­nol­o­gy, includ­ing improve­ment of duty-relat­ed facil­i­ties, and reduce hid­den haz­ards. It has real­ized all-per­son­nel, whole-process, full-time visu­al­iza­tion in duty man­age­ment. It has effec­tive­ly enhanced duty per­for­mance and ensured the safe­ty of guard­ed tar­gets by opti­miz­ing duty orga­ni­za­tion and arrange­ment, imple­ment­ing duty reg­u­la­tions and metic­u­lous­ly orga­niz­ing impor­tant tem­po­rary duties. On aver­age, the PAPF annu­al­ly han­dles dozens of attempt­ed attacks against guard­ed tar­gets, pre­vents hun­dreds of escape attempts by detained sus­pects and impris­oned con­victs, orga­nizes thou­sands of impor­tant tem­po­rary duties, and ensures the secu­ri­ty of impor­tant inter­na­tion­al and nation­al con­fer­ences and large-scale events in coop­er­a­tion with the gov­ern­ment depart­ments con­cerned. The var­i­ous units of the PAPF take an active part in efforts to keep pub­lic order. Since 2007, they have assist­ed the pub­lic secu­ri­ty organs in catch­ing and arrest­ing more than 2,800 crim­i­nal suspects. 

Han­dling Pub­lic Emer­gen­cies
The han­dling of pub­lic emer­gen­cies refers to oper­a­tions by the PAPF to deter and deal with emer­gen­cies which endan­ger pub­lic secu­ri­ty. Main­ly under­tak­en by the PAPF stand­by forces, such oper­a­tions include those to han­dle pub­lic secu­ri­ty inci­dents, nat­ur­al dis­as­ters, dis­as­trous acci­dents, and pub­lic health inci­dents. The spe­cif­ic tasks are to con­trol affect­ed areas, check the iden­ti­fi­ca­tions, vehi­cles and belong­ings of sus­pect­ed per­sons, pro­tect impor­tant tar­gets, dis­perse ille­gal assem­blies, res­cue hostages and those trapped by trou­ble­mak­ers, nip ille­gal activ­i­ties and crim­i­nal offens­es in the bud, hunt down crim­i­nal sus­pects, and par­tic­i­pate in emer­gency res­cue and dis­as­ter relief work. 

The PAPF is the state’s main­stay and shock force in han­dling pub­lic emer­gen­cies. The PAPF is assigned such mis­sions by the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, the State Coun­cil, the CMC or local Par­ty com­mit­tees, gov­ern­ments and pub­lic secu­ri­ty organs, and car­ries out these mis­sions under the uni­fied lead­er­ship of the above authorities. 

The PAPF makes full prepa­ra­tions for han­dling pub­lic emer­gen­cies by estab­lish­ing all lev­els of com­mand cen­ters, improv­ing infor­ma­tion sys­tems, allo­cat­ing resources sci­en­tif­i­cal­ly, and pro­vid­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions, sup­plies and trans­porta­tion in a reli­able way. On receiv­ing mis­sion orders, it is able to deploy imme­di­ate­ly and arrive at the scene in time. It adopts such means and meth­ods as mil­i­tary deter­rence, per­sua­sion and legit­i­mate use of force. It always exer­cis­es cau­tion in the use of force, com­pul­so­ry mea­sures, police instru­ments and weapons. It cracks down on a hand­ful of crim­i­nals in accor­dance with the law and deals with pub­lic dis­tur­bances, riots, ille­gal demon­stra­tions, group fight­ing with weapons, acts of vio­lence and ter­ror­ism effi­cient­ly, appro­pri­ate­ly and legal­ly. In the past two years it has tak­en part in oper­a­tions to han­dle the “3.14” Lhasa riots, hunt down the “East Turk­istan” ter­ror­ists, con­duct acci­dent res­cues, deal with large-scale mass dis­tur­bances, and respond to var­i­ous emer­gen­cies. In this way it has effec­tive­ly upheld the fun­da­men­tal inter­ests of the peo­ple, main­tained the social sta­bil­i­ty of the places where its forces are sta­tioned and safe­guard­ed the author­i­ty of the nation’s laws. 

Inter­na­tion­al Counter-Ter­ror­ism Coop­er­a­tion
Chi­na attach­es great impor­tance to inter­na­tion­al counter-ter­ror­ism coop­er­a­tion, and so far has par­tic­i­pat­ed in 11 inter­na­tion­al counter-ter­ror­ism treaties. The PAPF is an impor­tant counter-ter­ror­ism force of the state. 

Strength­en­ing inter­na­tion­al counter-ter­ror­ism con­sul­ta­tions and exchanges. In com­pli­ance with inter­na­tion­al counter-ter­ror­ism treaties and agree­ments, the PAPF has sent del­e­ga­tions to over 30 coun­tries for bilat­er­al or mul­ti­lat­er­al counter-ter­ror­ism exchanges, includ­ing France, Ger­many, Spain, Italy, Aus­tralia, Israel, Brazil, Cuba, South Africa, Rus­sia and Pak­istan, and host­ed del­e­ga­tions from 17 coun­tries, such as Rus­sia, Roma­nia, France, Italy, Hun­gary, South Africa, Egypt, Aus­tralia and Belarus. 

Send­ing per­son­nel abroad to receive train­ing or pro­vide train­ing assis­tance. The PAPF has sent del­e­ga­tions or per­son­nel to a dozen coun­tries, includ­ing France, Israel, Hun­gary, Sin­ga­pore, Malaysia and Thai­land, to attend train­ing cours­es in spe­cial duties, par­tic­i­pate in or observe con­tests of var­i­ous kinds, and con­duct exchanges in counter-ter­ror­ism tech­niques and skills. It has sent teams of instruc­tors to such coun­tries as Roma­nia and Azer­bai­jan to pro­vide teach­ing or train­ing assistance. 

Hold­ing joint counter-ter­ror­ism exer­cis­es. In Sep­tem­ber 2007, the PAPF and the Inter­nal Troops of Rus­sia staged their first joint counter-ter­ror­ism exer­cise, “Coop­er­a­tion-2007.” The exer­cise focused on “oper­a­tions by spe­cial forces to res­cue hostages and destroy ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions and groups.” 

Main­tain­ing Pub­lic Secu­ri­ty in Bor­der and Coastal Areas and Order­ly Entry and Exit at Ports 

The bor­der pub­lic secu­ri­ty force, list­ed as a com­po­nent of the PAPF, is an armed law-enforce­ment body deployed by the state in bor­der and coastal areas and at ports. Its main respon­si­bil­i­ties are as fol­lows: bor­der and coastal pub­lic secu­ri­ty admin­is­tra­tion; ports and bor­der inspec­tion and sur­veil­lance; patrols and sur­veil­lance in areas adja­cent to Hong Kong and Macao; patrols and sur­veil­lance along the demar­ca­tion line of the Beibu Gulf; and the pre­ven­tion of and crack­down on ille­gal and crim­i­nal acts in bor­der and coastal areas, such as ille­gal bor­der cross­ing, smug­gling and drug trafficking. 

The bor­der pub­lic secu­ri­ty force has 30 con­tin­gents in provinces (autonomous regions or munic­i­pal­i­ties direct­ly under the cen­tral gov­ern­ment, except Bei­jing); 110 detach­ments in bor­der and coastal pre­fec­tures (pre­fec­ture-lev­el cities, autonomous pre­fec­tures or leagues) and 20 marine police detach­ments in coastal pre­fec­tures; 207 active-duty bor­der inspec­tion sta­tions at open ports; 310 groups in bor­der and coastal coun­ties (coun­ty-lev­el cities or ban­ners); 1,691 bor­der police sub­sta­tions in bor­der and coastal town­ships (towns); 46 fron­tier inspec­tion sta­tions on major bor­der routes; and 113 mobile groups deployed in impor­tant sec­tors in bor­der areas. 

In recent years the bor­der pub­lic secu­ri­ty force has made efforts to imple­ment the strat­e­gy of safe­guard­ing the peo­ple and con­sol­i­dat­ing bor­der defense; strength­en pub­lic secu­ri­ty efforts by the gen­er­al pub­lic; improve mech­a­nisms for inves­ti­gat­ing, medi­at­ing and set­tling dis­putes, con­flicts and mass inci­dents; tack­le promi­nent pub­lic secu­ri­ty issues; pro­mote the build­ing of mod­el vil­lages and con­sol­i­date bor­der defense; and help chil­dren in need, thus vig­or­ous­ly pro­mot­ing har­mo­ny and sta­bil­i­ty in bor­der and coastal areas. Fur­ther efforts have been made by bor­der inspec­tion sta­tions to improve their ser­vices. As a result, an envi­ron­ment has been cre­at­ed for safe, rapid and con­ve­nient cus­toms clearance. 

The bor­der pub­lic secu­ri­ty force, sup­port­ed by oth­er rel­e­vant depart­ments, has cracked down hard on crimes, such as ille­gal bor­der cross­ing, drug traf­fick­ing and smug­gling, and car­ried out cam­paigns to com­bat orga­nized crim­i­nal gangs and sup­press evil forces in bor­der and coastal areas. Since 2007 it has arrest­ed 4,400 ille­gal bor­der crossers, seized 3,806 kg of drugs, seized smug­gled goods worth RMB620 mil­lion, cracked 19,205 crim­i­nal cas­es and han­dled 60,063 vio­la­tions of pub­lic security. 

Pur­suant to rel­e­vant pro­vi­sions of the Min­istry of Pub­lic Secu­ri­ty, the marine police force has estab­lished and strength­ened mar­itime law-enforce­ment agen­cies, aug­ment­ed its law-enforce­ment per­son­nel, refined its law-enforce­ment reg­u­la­tions, and improved its ships and equip­ment. It has cracked 41 mar­itime crim­i­nal cas­es, car­ried out 115 mar­itime res­cue and sal­vage oper­a­tions, and saved 238 peo­ple in distress. 

Source:
Infor­ma­tion Office of the State Coun­cil of the People’s Repub­lic of China 

Team GlobDef

Team GlobDef

Seit 2001 ist GlobalDefence.net im Internet unterwegs, um mit eigenen Analysen, interessanten Kooperationen und umfassenden Informationen für einen spannenden Überblick der Weltlage zu sorgen. GlobalDefenc.net war dabei die erste deutschsprachige Internetseite, die mit dem Schwerpunkt Sicherheitspolitik außerhalb von Hochschulen oder Instituten aufgetreten ist.

Alle Beiträge ansehen von Team GlobDef →