Asien — China’s National Defense in 2008

XIV. Arms Con­trol and Dis­ar­ma­ment / continuation

Non-Pro­lif­er­a­tion
Chi­na firm­ly oppos­es the pro­lif­er­a­tion of weapons of mass destruc­tion (WMD) and their means of deliv­ery, and active­ly takes part in inter­na­tion­al non-pro­lif­er­a­tion efforts. Chi­na holds that an inte­grat­ed approach should be adopt­ed to address both the symp­toms and root caus­es of pro­lif­er­a­tion. The inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty should devote itself to build­ing a glob­al and region­al secu­ri­ty envi­ron­ment fea­tur­ing sta­bil­i­ty, coop­er­a­tion and mutu­al trust, and earnest­ly main­tain­ing and strength­en­ing the author­i­ty and effec­tive­ness of the inter­na­tion­al non-pro­lif­er­a­tion regime. In this regard, dou­ble stan­dards must be aban­doned. All states should resort to dia­logue and nego­ti­a­tion to resolve dif­fer­ences in the field of non-pro­lif­er­a­tion. The rela­tions between non-pro­lif­er­a­tion and the peace­ful use of sci­ence and tech­nol­o­gy should be prop­er­ly addressed, with the aim of pre­serv­ing the right of peace­ful use of each state while effec­tive­ly pre­vent­ing WMD proliferation. 

Chi­na has joined all inter­na­tion­al treaties and inter­na­tion­al orga­ni­za­tions in the field of non-pro­lif­er­a­tion. It attach­es great impor­tance to the role of the Treaty on the Non-pro­lif­er­a­tion of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Bio­log­i­cal Weapons Con­ven­tion (BWC) and the Chem­i­cal Weapons Con­ven­tion (CWC) in pre­vent­ing the pro­lif­er­a­tion of WMD. Chi­na sup­ports the role played by the UN in the field of non-pro­lif­er­a­tion, and has con­sci­en­tious­ly imple­ment­ed the rel­e­vant res­o­lu­tions of the UN Secu­ri­ty Council. 

Chi­na is ded­i­cat­ed to the denu­cleariza­tion of the Kore­an Penin­su­la, and firm­ly pro­motes the Six-Par­ty Talks process on that issue. Chi­na facil­i­tat­ed the adop­tion of “Ini­tial Actions for the Imple­men­ta­tion of the Joint State­ment” and the “Sec­ond-Phase Actions for the Imple­men­ta­tion of the Joint State­ment” respec­tive­ly in Feb­ru­ary and Octo­ber 2007. 

Chi­na main­tains that the Iran­ian nuclear issue should be resolved peace­ful­ly by polit­i­cal and diplo­mat­ic means. Chi­na has par­tic­i­pat­ed in the meet­ings of for­eign min­is­ters or polit­i­cal direc­tors of the min­istries of for­eign affairs, and host­ed a meet­ing of polit­i­cal direc­tors of the min­istries of for­eign affairs of those six coun­tries in Shang­hai in April 2008. Chi­na has also active­ly tak­en part in the delib­er­a­tion on the Iran­ian nuclear issue at the Inter­na­tion­al Atom­ic Ener­gy Agency (IAEA) and the UN Secu­ri­ty Coun­cil, play­ing a con­struc­tive role. 

Chi­na attach­es great impor­tance to non-pro­lif­er­a­tion export con­trol, and has estab­lished a com­pre­hen­sive legal sys­tem for export con­trol of nuclear, bio­log­i­cal, chem­i­cal and mis­sile and relat­ed dual-use items and tech­nolo­gies. Chi­na has also con­stant­ly updat­ed these laws and reg­u­la­tions in light of its inter­na­tion­al oblig­a­tions and the need for export con­trol. Chi­na amend­ed the Reg­u­la­tions of the PRC on the Con­trol of Nuclear Exports in Novem­ber 2006, the Reg­u­la­tions of the PRC on the Con­trol of Dual-Use Nuclear Items and Relat­ed Tech­nolo­gies Exports in Jan­u­ary 2007 and its Con­trol List in July of the same year. Chi­na has spared no effort in strength­en­ing law enforce­ment in the field of non-pro­lif­er­a­tion export control. 

Chi­na val­ues and active­ly car­ries out inter­na­tion­al exchanges and coop­er­a­tion in the field of non-pro­lif­er­a­tion and export con­trol. Chi­na has held reg­u­lar arms con­trol and non-pro­lif­er­a­tion con­sul­ta­tions with a dozen coun­tries and the EU, and non-pro­lif­er­a­tion dia­logues with NATO. Chi­na also main­tains dia­logues and exchanges with multi­na­tion­al export con­trol regimes such as the Aus­tralia Group and the Wasse­naar Arrangement. 

Chi­na sup­ports the objec­tives and prin­ci­ples of the Glob­al Ini­tia­tive to Com­bat Nuclear Ter­ror­ism. As one of the orig­i­nal part­ners of the Ini­tia­tive, Chi­na has tak­en part in all meet­ings of the part­ners. In Decem­ber 2007 Chi­na and the Unit­ed States joint­ly held a work­shop in Bei­jing on radi­a­tion emer­gency response with­in the frame­work of the Initiative. 

Pre­ven­tion of the Intro­duc­tion of Weapons and an Arms Race in Out­er Space
The Chi­nese gov­ern­ment has all along advo­cat­ed the peace­ful use of out­er space, and opposed the intro­duc­tion of weapons and an arms race in out­er space. The exist­ing inter­na­tion­al legal instru­ments con­cern­ing out­er space are not suf­fi­cient to effec­tive­ly pre­vent the spread of weapons to out­er space. The inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty should nego­ti­ate and con­clude a new inter­na­tion­al legal instru­ment to close the loop­holes in the exist­ing legal sys­tem con­cern­ing out­er space. 

In Feb­ru­ary 2008 Chi­na and Rus­sia joint­ly sub­mit­ted to the CD a draft Treaty on the Pre­ven­tion of the Place­ment of Weapons in Out­er Space and the Threat or Use of Force against Out­er Space Objects. Chi­na hopes that the CD will start sub­stan­tial dis­cus­sions on the draft as soon as pos­si­ble, and nego­ti­ate and con­clude the Treaty at an ear­ly date. 

Con­ven­tion­al Arms Con­trol
Chi­na has earnest­ly ful­filled its oblig­a­tions under the Con­ven­tion on Cer­tain Con­ven­tion­al Weapons (CCW) and its Pro­to­cols. It has tak­en con­crete mea­sures to ensure that its anti-per­son­nel land­mines in ser­vice meet the rel­e­vant tech­ni­cal require­ments of the Amend­ed Pro­to­col on Land­mines. Chi­na active­ly par­tic­i­pates in the work of the Group of Gov­ern­men­tal Experts (GGE) on Clus­ter Muni­tions. Chi­na is also con­tin­u­ing its prepa­ra­tions for rat­i­fy­ing the Pro­to­col on Explo­sive Rem­nants of War. Chi­na has con­tin­u­ous­ly tak­en an active part in inter­na­tion­al human­i­tar­i­an de-min­ing assis­tance. In the past two years, it has held de-min­ing train­ing cours­es for Ango­la, Mozam­bique, Chad, Burun­di, Guinea-Bis­sau, and both north­ern and south­ern Sudan. Chi­na has also donat­ed de-min­ing equip­ment to the above-men­tioned coun­tries and Egypt, and pro­vid­ed Peru, Ecuador and Ethiopia with mine erad­i­ca­tion funds. 

Chi­na has active­ly par­tic­i­pat­ed in the inter­na­tion­al efforts to com­bat the illic­it trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). It has con­sci­en­tious­ly imple­ment­ed the UN Pro­gram of Action (PoA) on SALW and the Inter­na­tion­al Instru­ment on Iden­ti­fy­ing and Trac­ing Illic­it SALW. Chi­na has issued and imple­ment­ed new detailed rules on SALW mark­ings, and has tak­en part in the work of the UN GGE on an “Arms Trade Treaty.” 

Trans­paren­cy in Mil­i­tary Expen­di­tures and Reg­is­tra­tion of Trans­fer of Con­ven­tion­al Arms
Chi­na attach­es great impor­tance to mil­i­tary trans­paren­cy, and makes unremit­ting efforts to enhance mil­i­tary trans­paren­cy and pro­mote mutu­al trust with oth­er coun­tries in the mil­i­tary sphere. In 2007 Chi­na joined the UN Stan­dard­ized Instru­ment for Report­ing Mil­i­tary Expen­di­tures, and reports annu­al­ly to the UN the basic data of its mil­i­tary expen­di­tures for the lat­est fis­cal year. 

Chi­na has made impor­tant con­tri­bu­tions to the estab­lish­ment and devel­op­ment of the UN Reg­is­ter of Con­ven­tion­al Arms. After the Reg­is­ter was estab­lished, Chi­na pro­vid­ed the Reg­is­ter with annu­al data on imports and exports of con­ven­tion­al arms in the sev­en cat­e­gories cov­ered by the Reg­is­ter. How­ev­er, since 1996 a par­tic­u­lar coun­try has pro­vid­ed data on its arms sales to Tai­wan to the Reg­is­ter, which con­tra­dicts the spir­it of the rel­e­vant Res­o­lu­tions of the UN Gen­er­al Assem­bly as well as the objec­tives and prin­ci­ples of the Reg­is­ter. Chi­na was impelled to sus­pend its sub­mis­sion of data to the Reg­is­ter. Since the coun­try con­cerned has stopped the above-men­tioned act, Chi­na has resumed, since 2007, sub­mit­ting data annu­al­ly to the Reg­is­ter on imports and exports of con­ven­tion­al arms in the sev­en categories. 

Source:
Infor­ma­tion Office of the State Coun­cil of the People’s Repub­lic of China 

Team GlobDef

Team GlobDef

Seit 2001 ist GlobalDefence.net im Internet unterwegs, um mit eigenen Analysen, interessanten Kooperationen und umfassenden Informationen für einen spannenden Überblick der Weltlage zu sorgen. GlobalDefenc.net war dabei die erste deutschsprachige Internetseite, die mit dem Schwerpunkt Sicherheitspolitik außerhalb von Hochschulen oder Instituten aufgetreten ist.

Alle Beiträge ansehen von Team GlobDef →